cell organelle


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Related to cell organelle: mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum

or·gan·elle

(or'găn-el),
One of the specialized parts of a protozoan or tissue cell; these subcellular units include mitochondria, the Golgi apparatus, nucleus and centrioles, granular and agranular endoplasmic reticulum, vacuoles, microsomes, lysosomes, plasma membrane, and certain fibrils, as well as plastids of plant cells.
Synonym(s): cell organelle, organoid (3)
[G. organon, organ, + Fr. -elle, dim. suffix, fr. L. -ella]

cell organelle

Etymology: L, cella, storeroom; Gk, organon, instrument
any of a number of membrane-bound structures within a cell that have specific functions, such as reproduction or metabolism. Examples include mitochondria and Golgi bodies.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our ultrastructural studies showed that after vitrifying-warming of ovaries in DCV7 group, no noticeable changes occurred in the organelles of oocytes and follicular cells and the integrity of cell organelles was well preserved.
In order to have a further discernment into the possible mechanism leading to differential growth of different grains, developing in the same spike or spikelet, it was considered worthwhile to examine the structure of different cell organelles and to point out correlations, if any, between their ultrastructural profiles and yielding abilities.
It was postulated that most liver cells actually die by apoptosis [2-3] which is morphologically characterized, by cell shrinkage, formation of apoptotic bodies with intact cell organelles and the absence of inflammation [4].
The magnetic manipulatives allow the teacher to model the phospholipid bilayer, various membrane proteins, and cell organelles.
During the preparation of plant extracts by a press--slit--technique, membranes of cell walls and cell organelles of the plant material form vesicles, which are dispersed as colloids.
Oxidative stress, caused by the accumulation of toxic forms of oxygen in the cell, and problems with cell organelles, like the mitochondria, place stress on cellular clean-up crews.
It can be used to separate a range of charged molecules and particles, including cells, cell organelles, cellular fragments, and complex protein mixtures.
Secreted and membranal proteins are synthesized by ribosomes bound to specific cell organelles.