analytical epidemiology

(redirected from causative epidemiology)

analytical epidemiology

The study of diseases that are distributed in a seemingly non-random fashion.
The design, execution and analysis of studies in groups to evaluate potential associations between risk factors and health outcomes.

The facet of epidemiology concerned with identifying health-related causes and effects; AE uses comparison groups for baseline data, to quantify the association between exposures and outcomes, and to test hypotheses about causal relationships. Analytical epidemiology attempts to identify factors in a disease-bearing population that differs from a non-diseased population; AE is divided into cross-sectional, prospective and retrospective forms.

analytical, analytic

pertaining to or emanating from analysis.

analytical control
control of confounding by analysis of the results of a trial or test.
analytical epidemiology
draws statistical inferences, mostly about causes, about disease in populations based on available samples of it.
analytical methods
techniques used to draw statistical inferences including multiple regression, path analysis, discriminate analysis and logistic analysis.
analytical study
a method for testing a hypothesis as part of an investigation of the association between a disease and possible causes of the disease.


1. the study of the relationships of various factors determining the frequency and distribution of diseases in a community.
2. the field of veterinary medicine dealing with the determination of specific causes of localized outbreaks of infection, toxic poisoning, or other disease of recognized etiology.
3. the study of disease in communities.
4. Called also epizootiology.

analytical epidemiology
statistical analysis of epidemiological data in an attempt to establish relationships between causative factors and incidence of disease.
descriptive epidemiology
information about the occurrence of a disease, some of it mathematical, but with no attempt to establish relationships between cause and effect.
experimental epidemiology
prospective population experiments designed to test epidemiological hypotheses, and usually attempt to relate the postulated cause to the observed effect. Trials of new anthelmintics are an example.
gum-boots epidemiology
see shoe-leather epidemiology (below).
landscape epidemiology
epidemiology of a disease in relation to the entire ecosystem under study.
observational epidemiology
based on clinical and field observations, not on experiments.
shoe-leather epidemiology
epidemiology conducted as a field study. Called also gum-boots epidemiology.
theoretical epidemiology
the use of mathematical models to explain and examine aspects of epidemiology, e.g. computer simulation models of outbreaks.