As one of us has put it, "Before a causal hypothesis
is formulated and tested quantitatively, a causal model must be defined, and the link from observable variables to the parameters of that model must be posited.
However, O's causal hypothesis
will be quickly ruined if she/he has a flash of inspiration to start experimenting with the barometer; forcing its needle up and down will soon convince O that acting on the barometer does not induce a weather change.
For example, you can mathematically describe a particular causal hypothesis
as a directed graph that systematically generates a particular data pattern, and then calculate just how likely that hypothesis is to be true, given the data you see.
Remedy in High Potency in Chronic Cases with Causal Hypothesis
, by Rajendra P.
32) Under the scientific method, an expert witness cannot reliably opine based upon the assumption that missing evidence, if it existed, would support a causal hypothesis
particular causal hypothesis
will imply that some of the model
The model consistently replicates causal hypothesis
judgments generated by the modeled auditor who exhibits considerable judgment expertise, i.
believers in the causal hypothesis
have badly misrepresented the overall
The positive correlation between playing computer games and aggression provides some justification for further investigation of the causal hypothesis
, and possible methodologies are discussed.
To evaluate the causal hypothesis
we did not use the traditional approach that consists of (1) including observed measures of possible third variables in a regression equation and (2) test whether after the effects of the observed measures are partialled out the family characteristic still has a significant effect on the outcome variable.
Support for a causal hypothesis
in the counterfactual strategy comes from arguments about what would have happened.
They are the export-led growth hypothesis, the growth-driven exports hypothesis, and the two-way causal hypothesis
, which is a combination of the first two hypotheses.