But many of the same things that activate the human caudate
, which are associated with positive emotions, also activate the dog caudate
Pick bodies were also present in temporal and parietal cortex, caudate
and putamen, substantia nigra, locus coeruleus, and pontine nuclei (not shown).
The feedback contrast (positive minus negative) predominantly showed clusters in the caudate
nucleus, putamen, and thalamus.
This result indicates MPTP could result in compensatory increase on the levels of dopamine receptor 1 and dopamine receptor 2 in caudate
Extract putamen and caudate
from both right and left striata.
Striatum: A part of the brain that is involved in the planning of movement pathways as well as in other cognitive processes; in humans the striatum is activated by stimuli associated with reward, but also aversive, novel, unexpected, or particularly intense stimuli with high salience; includes several nuclei, including the caudate
Scientists now know that a marked loss of dopamine-containing neurons in the SNpc results in decreased dopamine levels in the caudate
and putamen (Savitt et al.
Autopsy studies of patients with HIV-associated dementia (HAD) demonstrate damage to the deep white matter areas involved in sub-cortical dementia (including the caudate
nucleus and basal ganglia).
A brain scan showed an infarct in the right lentiform nucleus with involvement of the head of the caudate
with marked sinusitis.
A brain MRI demonstrated bilateral hyperintensity at the level of the caudate
, putamen and pallidum, consistent with hypoxic injury (Figure 1).
Leslie Blumgart performed surgery on her husband consisting of a cholecystectomy, left hepatic lobectomy and caudate
Methods: Different neuroanatomical areas including frontal cortex (FC), cerebellum (CB), caudate
nucleus (CD) and substantia nigra (SN) from autopsy human brains (n=9) with varying PMI (4-18 h) were analyzed for pH, protein insolubility, protein oxidation/nitration and protein expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), synatophysin and neurofilament (NF).