category A infectious substance

category A infectious substance

An infectious substance which, when exposure to it occurs, is capable of causing permanent disability or life-threatening or fatal disease in otherwise healthy humans or animals. Category A infectious substances should not be transported at all, but labeled as such if done, bearing a UN number 2814.

Examples, culture only organisms 
Bacillus anthracis, Brucella abortus, Brucella melitensis , Brucella suis, Burkholderia (Pseudomonas) mallei/glanders Burkholderia (Pseudomonas) pseudomallei, Chlamydia psittaci, Clostridium botulinum, Coccidioides immitis, Coxiella burnetii, Dengue virus, Eastern equine encephalitis virus, Escherichia coli (verotoxigenic), Francisella tularensis, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, HIV, Japanese encephalitis virus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, poliovirus, rabies virus, Rickettsia prowazekii, Rickettsia rickettsii, Rift Valley fever virus, Russian spring-summer encephalitis virus, Shigella dysenteriae type 1, tick-borne encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, yellow fever virus, Yersinia pestis.

Examples, other organisms 
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus, Ebola virus, Flexal virus, Guanarito virus, Hantaan virus, Hantaviruses causing haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, Hendra virus, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, Junin virus, Kyasanur Forest disease virus, Lassa virus, Machupo virus, Marburg virus, Monkeypox virus, Nipah virus, Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus, Sabia virus, variola virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus.
References in periodicals archive ?
The survey also identified a potential vulnerability in preparedness as more than half (55%) of hospitals reported not having or not knowing if they have staff trained to ship Category A Infectious Substances per IATA and DOT - such as patient specimens being sent for Ebola diagnosis or that are confirmed positive for Ebola.
Workflow planning and procedures for Category A Infectious Substances shipments must be in place well in advance of their need," said Connors.