tartar

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tartar

 [tahr´ter]

tar·tar

(tar'tăr),
1. A crust on the interior of wine casks, consisting essentially of potassium bitartrate.
2. A white, brown, or yellow-brown deposit at or below the gingival margin of teeth, chiefly hydroxyapatite in an organic matrix. Synonym(s): dental calculus (2)
[Mediev. L. tartarum, ult. etym. unknown]

tartar

/tar·tar/ (tahr´ter) dental calculus.

tartar

(tär′tər)
n.
Dentistry A hard yellowish deposit on the teeth, consisting of organic secretions and food particles deposited in various salts, such as calcium carbonate. Also called calculus.

tartar

[tär′tär]
Etymology: Fr, tartre
1 See calculus, def 2.
2 any of several compounds containing tartrate, the salt of tartaric acid.

calculus

Dentistry
Indurated, yellow-brown/black deposits on teeth formed by bacteria in dental plaques from mineralised calcium salts in saliva and subgingival transudates. 

Kidneys
A stone in the urinary tract.

Pathology
An abnormal, often calcium-rich mass found in various tissues, seen by light microscopy.

tartar

Calculus Dentistry Hardened gray-white preplaque goo composed of hydroxyapatite, food bacteria, which adheres to teeth after a meal; tartar and plaque cause bone inflammation around teeth known as periodontia. See Caries.

tar·tar

(tahr'tăr)
1. A white, brown, or yellow-brown deposit at or below the gingival margin of the teeth, chiefly hydroxyapatite in an organic matrix.
Synonym(s): dental calculus (2) .
2. A crust on the interior of wine casks, consisting essentially of potassium bitartrate.

tartar

See DENTAL CALCULUS.

Tartar

A hardened yellow or brown mineral deposit from unremoved plaque; also called calculus.
Mentioned in: Oral Hygiene

tar·tar

(tahr'tăr)
A white, brown, or yellow-brown deposit at or below the gingival margin of teeth, chiefly hydroxyapatite in an organic matrix.
Synonym(s): dental calculus (2) .

tartar,

tartar

1. the recrystallized sediment of wine casks; crude potassium bitartrate.
2. a yellowish film formed of calcium phosphate and carbonate, food particles, and other organic matter, deposited on the teeth by the saliva. See also dental calculus.

tartar emetic
antimony potassium tartrate; used at one time as an emetic and as a treatment for trypanosomiasis but is very poisonous and is no longer used as an animal medicine.
tartar scraper
manual or mechanical, handheld instruments used to scrape tartar (dental calculus) from the teeth of dogs. There is a variety of tips including triangle, hoe (right and left) and claw. They may be single or double ended.