cat-scratch fever


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

cat-scratch fever

a disease that results from the scratch or bite of a healthy cat. It is caused by the bacterium Bartonella. Inflammation and pustules are found on the scratched skin and lymph nodes in the neck, head, groin, or axilla swell 2 weeks later. Although patients are seldom seriously ill, fever, loss of appetite, headache, and malaise may occur and symptoms can persist for months. Tetracycline may aid rapid recovery. The cat scratch skin test is available to help in the diagnosis. There may be spontaneous remission of symptoms in about 2 weeks. Also called benign lymphoreticulosis, cat scratch disease.
A self-limited regional lymphadenitis of children/adolescents, caused by close contact with or being scratched by household pets; 95% are due to cats—especially kittens—5% to dogs Epidemiology ± 22,000/year—US 2,000 hospitalizations; most cases occur in those under age 20, more common in men, often in fall and winter; fleas may be vectors
Agent Bartonella henselae, formerly Rochalimaea henselae
Diagnosis History, indirect fluorescence
Management Gentamycin, ciprofloxacin

cat-scratch fever

A disease caused by an unknown organism transmitted by the scratch of a cat. A small, red, crusted swelling develops at the site of the scratch, local lymph nodes become swollen and tender and form abscesses, and there is fever, headache and loss of appetite.

Petzetakis,

M.,
Petzetakis syndrome - possible virus of Chlamydia. Synonym(s): cat-scratch fever
Petzetakis-Takos syndrome - keratitis, eyelid edema, and other eye ailments caused by severe malnutrition.