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A decision-making method used in biomedical ethics; based on previous experience with similar cases.
[L. casus, case]
References in periodicals archive ?
90) Significantly, type one and two deceit mirror sixteenth-century Catholic casuist advice on equivocation or amphibology and mental reservation rather than the absolute and seemingly cynical breach with conventional or traditional morality that Machiavelli advocated.
Following the opinion of Thomas Aquinas, Catholic and Protestant casuists agreed that even an erring conscience was morally binding.
identifies Ames and his mentor, Perkins (see supra note 39), as among the most influential Puritan casuists of the period.
Brown provides precise, detailed studies of sceptical methods in the poems, but her attempt to link them to specific casuist strategies is less persuasive.
Toulmin further recommends an allegedly Aristotelian reinstatement of the sophist and the moral casuist as inquirers with as much a claim on the real as the mathematical physicist; pragmatism and Pyrrhonian skepticism "are the beginning of a wisdom that is better than the dreams of the rationalists" (p.
In a comparable vein, Michael Cordner's chapter on James Sutherland's 1663 comedy The Cheats and its reworking in the figure of the casuist preacher Scruple of Jonson's blunt anti-Puritan satire in his portrait of Zeal of the Land Busy, illuminates Jonson's reception in the Restoration in subtle ways.
Once fit is determined, the casuist locates and negotiates patient and physician preferences.
Her "mistake" is enough for Smith to discount her testimony altogether, regardless of the event that that testimony clearly indicates (though perhaps fails to represent clearly), and the historian's explanation is seen as the hair-splitting of the base casuist.
32) The playwright's sympathetic portrayal of the countess as a woman who insists upon a sacramental interpretation of her vows while her chastity is under siege appears intended as a casuist argument to create empathy in Elizabeth for noblemen's wives who sought to maintain their observance of the Old Faith.
Although he later disagreed with some of its approaches and conclusions, he learned in his early theological training the skills of a good casuist.
Poliglotta Vaticana, 1962; 106-156), will enable historians to track the widely-circulated views of this leading casuist and ecclesiastical judge.