CIP

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CIP

Abbreviation for:
Certified IRB Professional
Cost Improvement Plan (Medspeak-UK)
Cost Improvement Programme (Medspeak-UK)

congenital insensitivity to pain

,

CIP

A rare defect in perception of pain in which children are born with an inherited sensory and autonomic neuropathy and a markedly reduced ability to perceive painful experiences, e.g., bone and joint injuries, lacerations, and abrasions.

polyneuropathy

(pol?e-noo-rop'a-the) [ poly- + neuropathy]
Any disease that affects multiple peripheral nerves.

acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

Guillain-Barré syndrome.

acute inflammatory polyneuropathy

Guillain-Barré syndrome.

amyloid polyneuropathy

Polyneuropathy characterized by deposition of amyloid in nerves.

chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

Abbreviation: CIDP
A gradually progressing autoimmune muscle weakness in arms and legs caused by inflammation of the myelin sheath covering peripheral nerve axons. Demyelination slows or blocks conduction of impulses to muscles. Numbness and paresthesia may accompany or precede loss of motor function, which varies from mild to severe. Laboratory findings include elevated protein levels in the cerebrospinal fluid. The inflammatory damage involves not only phagocytes (neutrophils and macrophages), but also immune complexes and complement activation by myelin autoantigens. Immunosuppressive drugs are used to treat this illness. Plasma exchange therapy or infusions of immunoglobulins often are used first, to produce a remission. CIDP is considered to be a chronic counterpart to Guillain-Barré syndrome.

critical illness polyneuropathy

Abbreviation: CIP
A complication occurring in patients in intensive care in which failure to wean from mechanical ventilation is associated with distal limb weakness, loss of distal sensation from light touch or pinprick, and diminished reflexes; facial muscles and nerves are spared. Recovery typically occurs several weeks or months after resolution of the underlying disease. It is associated with the use of drugs, such as corticosteroids or paralytic agents, and neurological illnesses, such as Guillain-Barre syndrome.

diabetic polyneuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy.

familial amyloiditic polyneuropathy

An inherited form of amyloid polyneuropathy in which abnormal forms of transthyretin are deposited in nerves and brain tissue, making multiple nerves malfunction.

paraproteinemic polyneuropathy

Polyneuropathy due to excessive levels of immunoglobulin in the blood. The most commonly implicated immunoglobulins are IgM and IgG.

porphyric polyneuropathy

Polyneuropathy due to acute porphyria, characterized by pains and paresthesias in the extremities and by flaccid paralysis.

progressive hypertrophic polyneuropathy

Déjérine-Sottas disease.

critical illness polyneuropathy

Abbreviation: CIP
A complication occurring in patients in intensive care in which failure to wean from mechanical ventilation is associated with distal limb weakness, loss of distal sensation from light touch or pinprick, and diminished reflexes; facial muscles and nerves are spared. Recovery typically occurs several weeks or months after resolution of the underlying disease. It is associated with the use of drugs, such as corticosteroids or paralytic agents, and neurological illnesses, such as Guillain-Barre syndrome.
See also: polyneuropathy
References in periodicals archive ?
Public gas systems are fortunate to have less bare steel and cast-iron pipe than the national average, according to Erickson, with bare steel making up 1.
The DOT estimates 30,000 miles of cast-iron pipe still carries gas in the United States, with the highest percentage of these mains located in the older eastern cities such as New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Baltimore and Washington, DC.
UGI was fined the maximum $500,000 and ordered to remove all of its cast-iron pipe within 14 years and all of its bare steel pipelines within 30 years of the February 2013 ruling.
Financial incentives and targeted programs among companies, public utility commissions, and scientists to reduce leaks and replace old cast-iron pipes will improve consumer safety and air quality, as well as save money and lower greenhouse gas emissions," the researchers conclude.
The water company says replacing the cast-iron pipes will improve water quality, make the mains less prone to bursts or leaks and help give more consistent pressures at customers' taps.
Obsolete cast-iron pipes like the one that broke Jan.
6 billion for the next five years to replace 800 miles of old steel gas and cast-iron pipes, some of them over a century old.