case finding


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Related to case finding: medical screening

case finding

the act of locating individuals with a disease.

case finding

EBM
A generic term for a strategy used to identify patients with a certain condition or exposure who may be randomised for inclusion in a clinical trial.

Epidemiology
A system for locating every inpatient or outpatient diagnosed and/or treated with a reportable disease. Case finding is a proactive attempt to diagnose probands for cascade screening.
  
Medspeak-UK
A method of identifying vulnerable people who may not be in touch with health and social care services, using either highly specific local criteria or nationally validated criteria to assess the relative risk of functional decline.

case

in epidemiology, an animal which has the specified disease or condition which is under investigation.

case abstract
a structured summary of a case report suitable for computer entry; permits machine sorting and retrieval and leads an investigator to the original paper records on which detailed descriptions must be based.
case-control sampling
selection of cases as a sample to use in a case-control study (below).
case-control study
a retrospective, analytical, epidemiological study. A group of pre-existing cases of the disease are matched with a selected group of control animals that do not have the disease so that the presence or otherwise of an hypothesized disease determinant can be ascertained in both groups.
case fatality rate
the proportion of cases with a specified condition which die within a specified time.
case finding
the strategy of surveying a population to find the sick animals that are the foci of infection; an essential early step in the eradication of any disease.
case history
the collected data concerning an individual, contact and related animals, environment and management procedures, including any past medical history and any other information that may be useful in analyzing and diagnosing the case or for instructional or research purposes.
index case
the first case recorded in an outbreak.
case management
care of a sick animal including specific and supportive medication, surgical intervention, housing, bedding, nutrition, restraint, collection of specimens for submission to laboratory or stall-side tests.
case population
the group of animals in the total population which are sick or infected, as distinct from the control population, which are not sick or infected.
case recording
entry in records of the clinical findings of individual sick animals. May be structured or unstructured, paper or machine, with or without the accounting record for the case.
References in periodicals archive ?
The increase in reported cases and in the detection rate observed between 1993 and 1997 can be attributed to increased transmission but also to renewed efforts after several months when active case finding was interrupted.
Alternatively, and with lower cost, surveillance methods could be used that detect emerging epidemics at an early stage, such as serologic surveys, or that rely on data collection from passive case finding and enhanced diagnosis in the primary health structures (23).
Average expense per examined person and average cost per case detected and treated (converted to constant 1998 US$) in active case finding * 1993-1997 1998-2003 No.
The detection benefit of syndromic surveillance compared with clinical case finding was influenced by specificity and the release amount.
At a set specificity, syndromic surveillance tended to detect a higher proportion of outbreaks before clinical case finding with increasing release amount.
Because all outbreaks were ultimately detected by clinical case finding through routine blood culture, the sensitivity of this approach was 1.
The benefit is calculated as the difference in the timeliness between syndromic surveillance and clinical case finding in those simulations in which detection occurred first by syndromic surveillance.
The WHO recommends in their most recent guidelines on intensified TB case finding for people living with HIV in resource-constrained settings that 'All adolescent and adults living with HIV, wherever they receive care, should be regularly screened for TB using a clinical symptom-based algorithm at every visit to a health facility or contact with a health worker'.
The terms intensive case finding or active case finding refer to strategies to identify and treat people with TB who have not presented to health care facilities on their own initiative.
Intensified TB case finding and prompt treatment aim to interrupt disease transmission and reduce TB-associated morbidity and mortality.
Guidance and data on intensified case finding for extrapulmonary TB are scarce.