carpal joint

carpal joint

a series of joints that includes the antebrachiocarpal, formed by the distal ends of the radius/ulna and the proximal carpal row, the intercarpal joint between the two rows of carpal bones, the carpometacarpal joint(s) between the distal row of carpal bones and the metacarpal bone(s). The joint capsule is continuous throughout all of the joints and has three major sacs, the radiocarpal, the intercarpal and the carpometacarpal sacs. Called also the knee. See also carpus.
Enlarge picture
Ligaments of the carpal joint of a dog. By permission from Evans et al, Anatomy of the Dog 2E, Saunders, 1979

carpal joint luxation
a major injury in horses while racing, usually involving fractures of carpal bones and rupture of ligaments. The animal is unable to bear weight on the leg and there is excessive mobility and crepitus. In dogs and cats, violent hyperextension of the carpus damages soft tissue support for the joint so that the animal walks with the carpus on or near the ground.
carpal joint osteochondrosis
osteochondrosis dissecans and subchondral cysts occur in the carpal joints of horses, causing lameness, pain on passive extension and sometimes distention of the joint capsule.
carpal joint subluxation
may occur in the dog as a result of trauma but is also recorded as a familial disease associated with the simultaneous occurrence of hemophilia A.
References in periodicals archive ?
Though goats are said to love kneeling, they actually use their carpal joint, which is the joint above the hoof joint in the front legs.
Longitudinal and transverse planes from dorsal, lateral, medial and palmar surfaces of the carpal joint were examined.
Biomechanics: The global motion of the wrist is composed of flexion, extension and radio-ulnar deviation at the radio carpal joint and axial rotation around distal radio-ulnar joint.
In new born calves, contraction or shortening of the flexor tendons results knuckling of the fetlock joint frequently and carpal joint rarely.
However, he has been suffering from an arthritic condition, and a bone chip was removed from his carpal joint in an operation on Monday.
Points for Calming and Grounding POINT LOCATION HT 7 Found on the outside of the foreleg, just above the transverse crease of the carpal joint.
A similar valgus deformity of the metacarpal bones and carpal joint was successfully treated by one of the authors (N.
For immobilization of limb after tendon repair and keeping the carpal joint with mild flexon an angular frame device was fabricated (Fig.
At one week follow up, left fore limb recovered completely but mild hyperextension with lateral rotation was seen in the right fore limb at the carpal joint (Fig.
The present paper communicates a case of Degenerative Joint Disease of a carpal joint caused by traumatic injury in a cow and its management.
A case of hygroma of carpal joint in a cow is described below.