carpal


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carpal

 [kahr´p'l]
pertaining to the carpus, or wrist.
carpal tunnel syndrome a symptom complex resulting from compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel, with pain and burning or tingling paresthesias in the fingers and hand, sometimes extending to the elbow. The disorder is found most often in middle-aged women. Excessive wrist movements, arthritis, hypertrophy of the bone and connective tissue in acromegaly, and swelling of the wrist can produce the carpal tunnel syndrome. Treatment is usually conservative and consists of splinting the wrist to immobilize it for several weeks until the irritation of the median nerve has healed. In severe cases surgical resection of the carpal ligament is helpful.
 Carpal tunnel syndrome. Entrapment of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel space. From Frazier et al., 2000.

car·pal

(kar'păl),
Relating to the carpus.

carpal

/car·pal/ (kahr´p'l) pertaining to the carpus.

carpal

(kär′pəl)
adj.
Of, relating to, or near the carpus.
n.
A bone of the carpus.

carpal

[kär′pəl]
Etymology: Gk, karpos, wrist
pertaining to the carpus, or wrist.

car·pal

(kahr'păl)
Relating to the carpus.

carpal

Pertaining to the wrist or wrist bones (carpals).
Carpalclick for a larger image
Fig. 94 Carpal . The human wrist and hand.

carpal

any bone present in amphibia, reptiles, birds and mammals in the part of the forelimb attached to the radius and ulna. Carpals articulate distally (see DISTAL with the METACARPALS. There are eight carpals in the human wrist.

car·pal

(kahr'păl)
Relating to the carpus.

carpal

pertaining to the carpus.

carpal bones
are located between the radius and ulna and metacarpals. Typically, there are six to eight bones, depending on the animal species, arranged in two rows and numbered from medial to lateral. See Table 10.
carpal canal syndrome
see carpal tunnel syndrome (below).
carpal flexion posture
at parturition the fetus is presented with the carpal joints flexed, thus increasing the diameter of initial parts entering the pelvic canal, resulting in dystocia in some patients.
carpal fracture
carpal instability/flexion syndrome
seen in young puppies, particularly Doberman pinschers and Shar peis; the carpi remain slightly flexed when standing and the paws are deviated inwards.
carpal organ
a group of vibrissae located on the posterior aspect of the forelimbs of cats, sensitive to touch. See also tactile hair organ.
carpal pad
see footpad.
carpal sheath
common synovial sheath in the forelimb of the horse, shared by the superficial and deep flexor tendons as they pass through the carpal canal.
carpal tunnel
the osseofibrous passage for the flexor tendons and median nerve, formed by the flexor retinaculum and the carpal bones.
carpal tunnel syndrome
a complex of signs resulting from compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel. In horses there is lameness with pain on extreme carpal flexion. There are no lesions on the anterior carpal bones.

Patient discussion about carpal

Q. I'm looking for natural/organic ways to deal with carpal tunnel syndrome. My Boss has Carpal Tunnel syndrome. I'm looking for some natural remedies to help her ease the pain.

A. I have found that MSM (GNC brand) 1500mg per day works for me. I talked to an Orthopedic Surgeon asking him why it works... he said "they really don't know why it works, but it works for many of my patients". When I stop taking my MSM the symptoms return so it is not a cure.

I have tried other brands of MSM and found the GNC brand works the best for me. It takes about 2 weeks to begin to see the results and several more weeks to get the full affect.

Q. what can i do to help my capentunnel without surgery?

A. a good friend of mine is a bike racer and did the surgery- it's not a bad solution as it seems...but you can try and put on a splint to stabilize the wrist. The splint is worn at night for several weeks. If this does not help, you may need to wear the splint during the day. Hot and cold compresses may also be recommended.

There are many ergonomic devices that can be used in the workplace to reduce the stress placed on the wrist. These include special keyboards, cushioned mouse pads, and keyboard drawers. Make sure the keyboard is low enough so that the wrists aren't bent upward during typing. You may also need to make changes in your work duties or recreational activities.

More discussions about carpal
References in periodicals archive ?
Repetitive and forceful use of the hand and wrist is a primary risk factor for carpal tunnel syndrome, as is working with tools that vibrate or that keep the hands in a fixed posture.
There are three specialized radiographic views to bring the hamate into better view: the carpal tunnel view; the supinated oblique view with the wrist dorsiflexed; and the lateral view projected through the first web space with the thumb abducted.
DORSAL SURFACE: The tendon of the muscle extensor carpi radialis (TMECR) was located at the distal end of the radius bone in the dorsolateral region of the carpal joint, distally extending along the dorsal metacarpus surface.
On the other hand, Tinel's sign involves tapping over the carpal tunnel at the wrist, which usually elicits paraesthesias in the median innervated portion of the hand.
The aim of this study was to analyze the management of postoperative pain after carpal tunnel syndrome surgical treatment in a tertiary hospital and to compare it with the guidelines for perioperative pain management.
To study the effectiveness of the new test in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome.
Musculoskeletal disorders, including Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, are among the most prevalent medical conditions in the U.
KEYWORDS: Carpal tunnel release, Open surgery, Limited incision.
Gouty tophi should be considered as a possible cause of carpal tunnel syndrome if there is evidence of extrinsic compression of median nerve or symptoms originating from carpal tunnel.
According to the AMA Physicians Guide to Return to Work, "CTS is actually a condition with known pathology and not a syndrome, but the name carpal tunnel syndrome has become so well known that CTS is used rather than median nerve compression neuropathy.
This article reviews the current literature on carpal tunnel syndrome, describes the pathophysiology of the condition, patient assessment and diagnosis and discusses the current evidence-based practice (EBP) management and treatment options.