carotid endarterectomy

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Related to carotid endarterectomy: carotid artery, Carotid stenosis


pertaining to the principal artery of the neck (the carotid artery). See anatomic Table of Arteries in the Appendices.
carotid endarterectomy surgical removal of atherosclerotic plaques within an extracranial carotid artery, usually the common carotid, done to prevent stroke in patients with 70 per cent or greater carotid stenosis. Patients who have a stroke in evolution or have recently had a stroke are not good candidates for the procedure. Surgery at this time could cause an infarcted area of the brain to hemorrhage when its blood supply is suddenly increased. In addition, there is a low success rate for those patients who have total occlusion of the internal carotid arteries.
Patient Care. Immediately after surgery special monitoring is necessary to assess the patient's neurologic status, including level of consciousness, orientation, and motor activity, especially on the side opposite the surgery. Because of the location of the surgical incision, an enlarging hematoma can rapidly produce respiratory distress. Aspiration also is possible because a hematoma can obstruct the trachea and damage the laryngeal nerve, preventing closure of the glottis.

Crucial observations include evaluation of neck size, noting the patient's ability to swallow, close observation and measurement of drainage, and measurement of respiratory rate and character. A tracheostomy tray and suction apparatus should be available even after the patient is transferred from the recovery room or intensive care unit. Neurologic assessment is necessary to detect complications associated with postoperative cerebral ischemia and cranial nerve damage. Because ischemia of the myocardium is also a possibility, continuous electrocardiograph monitoring is required. Since blood pressure may be increased by surgery, postoperative hypertension is not uncommon.
 Carotid endarterectomy. Plaques are removed from the artery to improve blood flow. Modified from Black and Matassarin-Jacobs, 2001.
carotid sinus syndrome syncope sometimes associated with convulsive seizures due to overactivity of the carotid sinus reflex. In certain susceptible persons the carotid sinus is too easily stimulated and symptoms are produced by sudden turning of the head or the wearing of a tight collar. Transient attacks of numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, headache, and in some cases aphasia may also occur. The condition most commonly affects older males and may be a cause of unexplained falls. Diagnosis can be confirmed by a gentle massage of the carotid sinus area of a patient under monitoring. asystole for longer than 3 seconds or a reduction in systolic blood pressure of more than 500 mm Hg are considered positive indications. The syndrome can be subdivided into cardioinhibitory, vasodepressor, and mixed types. Dual chamber cardiac pacing is indicated in the cardioinhibitory and mixed types. Patients who have this condition should be educated to avoid triggering events.


excision of thickened atheromatous areas of the innermost coat of an artery; see also atherectomy.
carotid endarterectomy see carotid endarterectomy.

ca·rot·id end·ar·ter·ec·to·my (CEA),

excision of occluding material, including intima and most of the media, from the carotid a.

carotid endarterectomy (CEA)

surgical excision of atheromatous segments of the endothelium and tunica media of the carotid artery, leaving a smooth tissue lining and facilitating blood flow through the vessel. The surgery is done to decrease the risk of stroke.

carotid endarterectomy

Neurology Removal of atherosclerotic plaque by “scraping” the vascular intima of the carotid arteries to ↓ risk of CVAs and TIAs. See Stroke, Transient ischemic attack.

carotid endarterectomy

A surgical procedure to widen the lumen of a carotid artery narrowed by ATHEROSCLEROSIS. Preoperative assessment is by duplex ultrasound, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and CT angiography. The vessel is clamped and opened with a longitudinal incision and the atherosclerotic plages removed. The effectiveness of the procedure depends largely on how extensively the state of branches of the carotids higher up towards the brain are affected. Carotid stenosis may be caused by a wafer-thin fibrous diaphragm. Trials suggest that this procedure is at least as effective as carotid angioplasty and stenting.


excision of thickened atheromatous areas of the innermost coat of an artery.

carotid endarterectomy
endarterectomy within an extracranial carotid artery, usually within the common carotid. See also carotid endarterectomy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Multicenter Retrospective Review of Results and Complications of Carotid Endarterectomy in 1981.
However, the stent procedure was associated with a 55 percent lower risk of heart attack and 85 percent reduction in cranial nerve injury in this timeframe when compared with carotid endarterectomy.
It is important to note that it is recommended that any centre embarking on carotid endarterectomy should have a proven stroke morbidity of less than 4% in symptomatic patients.
The strip is well-suited for use in carotid endarterectomy as well as other precision vascular applications.
The management of carotid artery stenosis has also continued to evolve from an aggressive, early surgical approach with the advent of the carotid endarterectomy to the initiation of progressive medical management options and the development of advanced percutaneous intervention.
Statin use has been linked with reducing stroke rates and mortality following carotid endarterectomy and may have a similar benefit in patients undergoing carotid artery stenting, Dr.
Medical management with antiplatelet therapy versus surgical management with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been studied extensively in randomized prospective trials of carotid artery stenosis.
Patients with a critical percentage of carotid stenosis may benefit from carotid endarterectomy or stenfing.
Example: In one facility, carotid endarterectomy complications were believed to be 1 percent.
To prevent such strokes, roughly 140,000 people undergo carotid endarterectomy each year in the United States (SN: 9/2/00, p.
Only 6 percent of people with significant blockage but no symptoms who had the procedure, called carotid endarterectomy, suffered strokes over the next five years, compared to 12 percent of those with the same condition who did not have surgery, said a report in the May 8 issue of The Lancet.