The carotid bodies are close to the carotid bifurcation
on both sides of the neck and the aortic bodies are located near the aortic arch.
A region 10 mm proximal to the carotid bifurcation
was identified, and the CIMT of the far wall was calculated as the distance between the lumen-intima and media-adventitia interfaces.
C-IMT was measured using carotid ultrasonography with carotid plaques defined as C-IMT>1mm at the carotid bifurcation
A region 1 cm proximal to the carotid bifurcation
was identified, and the IMT of the far wall was evaluated as the distance between the lumen-intima interface and the media-adventitia interface.
On the right, the tract surrounding the nylon suture was easily traced through the carotid bifurcation
toward the tonsillar fossa.
However, IMT measurements in the common carotid artery are more reliable than IMT measurements in the carotid bifurcation
or in the internal carotid artery.
The most common location for head and neck tumors is at the carotid bifurcation
, while abdominal tumors are most commonly found in the periaortic-pericaval region (3).
They most commonly arise from characteristic locations including the carotid bifurcation
, the jugular fossa, tympanic cavity, and the vagus nerve, but may rarely arise from other locations such as the larynx.
In the CTA, we were able to detect a rupture of the right external carotid artery, slightly above the carotid bifurcation
, and of the right internal carotid artery, both with obvious contrast agent extravasation (Figure 3, A).
Of the ischaemic strokes 80% were in the carotid territory of which 50% followed thromboembolism arising from the carotid bifurcation
10) A high index of clinical suspicion for the presence of a carotid bifurcation
related to paraganglioma is required to avoid an open or percutaneous biopsy, that can lead to significant hemorrhage.
Among the topics addressed are equipment and facilities, arteriography, access for carotid interventions, patient selection, periprocedural management, techniques of carotid bifurcation
angioplasty, cerebral protection devices for carotid artery stenting, balloon angioplasty, management of complications, how to start a carotid stenting program, and future directions in the management of carotid artery occlusive disease.