carotid arteries


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Related to carotid arteries: Jugular veins

com·mon ca·rot·id ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, right from brachiocephalic, left from arch of aorta; runs superiorly in the neck and divides opposite upper border of thyroid cartilage (C-4 vertebral level) into terminal branches, external and internal carotid.
Synonym(s): arteria carotis communis [TA]

Carotid arteries

The four principal arteries of the neck and head. There are two common carotid arteries, each of which divides into the two main branches (internal and external).
Mentioned in: Endarterectomy
Figure 1: The brain viewed from the left showing the lobes of the cerebral hemisphere, the cerebellum and the lower parts of the brain stem in continuity with the spinal cord. Coloured area: the position of the ventricles, lying deep in the brain, containing cerebrospinal fluid and continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord.

carotid arteries

the principal arteries on each side of the neck, providing a major part of the blood supply to the head and neck. Where each common carotid artery divides into external and internal branches, there is a dilatation, the carotid sinus; nerve endings in its walls (baroreceptors) are sensitive to stretch caused by rising arterial blood pressure, and via connections to the brain stem lead to reflex slowing of the heart rate and thus a corrective fall in pressure (baroreflex). The internal carotid artery enters the base of the skull to reach the brain; the external carotid artery provides branches that supply the extracranial tissues of the head and neck. Figure 1.
References in periodicals archive ?
After the ramification of the tracheosyringeal trunk, the ascending oesophageal arteries arose from the common carotid arteries, from the ventral surface on the right and the dorso-lateral surface on the left.
Hence, patients with DM, HTN & Hyperlipidemias should have their carotid arteries screened to detect asymptomatic carotid stenosis and if present, should have their blood glucose, blood pressure and lipids under control and should be started on antiplatelet drugs and statins for plaque regression and for primary prevention of stroke.
Any factor that decreases the velocity of the blood from the heart to the carotid arteries can interfere with accurate estimation of carotid stenosis.
Our patient had a traumatic dissection of both internal carotid arteries (ICA) which is an uncommon but well-recognized entity.
Most retropharyngeal carotid arteries are discovered as an incidental finding during evaluation of a trauma patient or in preoperative studies of the neck.
In head and neck surgery, the common carotid arteries are important landmarks, defining the plane of the dissection during radical neck surgery (Ord & Ward-Booth, 1986).
About 20 percent of strokes are linked to blocked carotid arteries.
The aim is to gain proximal and distal control of the common carotid and external and internal carotid arteries.
In 1995, a national trial revealed that surgery can reduce the risk of stroke in symptom-free men whose carotid arteries are narrowed by fatty deposits.
In October 1995, Medicare issued a national policy statement that limited coverage to the evaluation of carotid arteries in patients who could not tolerate an angiogram.
Carotid artery disease occurs when the carotid arteries that run through the neck and supply blood to the brain become partially clogged by plaque.
The carotid arteries are located on each side of the neck and supply oxygen and blood to the front part of the brain where thinking, speech, personality, and sensory and motor functions are controlled.

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