carnitine palmitoyltransferase

car·ni·tine palmi·to·yl·trans·fer·ase

1. an enzyme that reversibly forms acylcarnitines and coenzyme A from carnitine and acylcoenzyme A (often, palmitoyl-CoA); important in fatty acid oxidation. Deficiency of isozyme I results in ketogenesis with hypoglycemia; deficiency of isozyme II affects primarily skeletal muscle.

carnitine palmitoyltransferase

[kär′nitēn päl′mitō′əltrans′fərās]
an enzyme that catalyzes the transfer between coenzyme A and carnitine of long-chain fatty acids. Deficiency is a cause of defective fatty acid oxidation. Also called carnitine palmityltransferase.
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The expression levels of 10 genes: retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRA), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG), phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), stearoylCoA desaturase (SCD), nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group H member 3 (NR1H3), fatty acid binding protein 3 (FABP3), carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT2), acyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase long chain (ACADL), acyl-Coenzyme A oxidase 2 branched chain (ACOX2), and fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4), showed significant differences in gene expression between the low- and high-marbled groups (p < 0.
We investigated whether the age-related impairment of cardiac fatty acid catabolism occurs, at least partially, through diminished levels of L-carnitine, which would adversely affect carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1), the rate-limiting enzyme for fatty acyl-CoA uptake into mitochondria for beta]-oxidation.
Background & Purpose: Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase II (CPT2) deficiency (myopathic form) is a rare, progressive adult metabolic myopathy caused by a genetic insufficiency in CPT2 enzyme production.
The team also observed an increase in these cells of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1C (CPT1C), a protein usually found only in the brains of healthy individuals.
Fasting during first days of life can trigger disorder in [beta] oxidation of fatty acids--deficiency of carnitine palmitoyltransferase II.
The reduced activity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) in leucocytes was confirmed.
Anaesthetic management of a parturient with carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 deficiency.
Statin use has been known to trigger symptoms in underlying glycogen storage disease, carnitine palmitoyltransferase deficiency mitochondrial myopathy or malignant hyperthermia.
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I in liver of periparturient dairy cows: effects of prepartum intake, postpartum induction of ketosis, and periparturient disorders.
In carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT-I) [5] deficiency (MIM 255120), long-chain fatty acids are not transferred from CoA to carnitine to form acylcarnitines by palmitoyl-CoA:L-carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase (EC 2.
Rapid, Cost-effective Gene Mutation Screening for Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 11 Deficiency Using Whole Blood on Filter Paper, David Smail, Leah Gambino, Christopher Boles, and Georgirene D.
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