The bacteria not only metabolize sugars to produce lactic acid that attacks the dental enamel, but also synthesize extracellular polysaccharides, mainly dextran, a component of the plaque, thus reinforcing cariogenicity
of easily assimilated carbohydrates .
Loveren C Diet and dental caries: cariogenicity
may depend more on oral hygiene using fluorides than on diet or type of carbohydrate European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry.
, effect on expression of genes involved in biofilm formation and caries development in rats.
To date, few studies have reported on the cariogenicity
of human breast milk.
Prescribers and parents should be encouraged to use sugar-free formulations wherever possible, to be aware of the cariogenicity
of these products if sugar-free formulations are not available, and to adhere to administration schedules that minimise cariogenic effects.
Diet: Important components of dietary education for the parents include the cariogenicity
of certain foods and beverages, role of frequency of consumption of these substances and the demineralization/remineralization process.
Havenaar, "Microbial Investigations on the Cariogenicity
of the Sugar Subsitute Lactitol," unpublished report from the Department of Preventive Dentistry and Oral Microbiology, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands (1976).
A biologic mechanism for lead cariogenicity
has not been identified, however.
Trehalose is less than half as sweet as sucrose, with lower cariogenicity
, and is easy to use in a wide range of food and beverage products.
of human oral lactobacilli in hamsters.
Biology, immunology and cariogenicity
of Streptococcus mutans and dental caries prevention.
Although monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and disaccharides (lactose, maltose and sucrose) can all be metabolized by cariogenic bacteria, (27) the actual cariogenicity
of foods and beverages varies considerably (Table II).