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center

 [sen´ter]
1. a point from which a process starts, especially a plexus or ganglion giving off nerves that control a function.
3. an agency or other site where services are offered to the public.
accelerating center the vasomotor center in the brainstem involved in acceleration of heart action.
apneustic center a nerve center in the brainstem controlling normal respiration.
cardioinhibitory center a vasomotor center in the medulla oblongata that exerts an inhibitory influence on the heart.
cardiovascular control c's vasomotor centers.
community mental health center (CMHC) a mental health facility or group of affiliated agencies that provide services to a designated catchment area.
coughing center a nerve center in the medulla oblongata, situated above the respiratory center, which controls the act of coughing.
deglutition center a nerve center in the medulla oblongata that controls swallowing.
detente center a residential care center of the kinlein type, using the esca theory of moving as the basis for the staff's actions to maintain the independence of residents who are experiencing lessened physical or mental capacity.
C's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services whose headquarters is in Atlanta, Georgia. It is concerned with all phases of control of communicable, vector-borne, and occupational diseases and with the prevention of disease, injury, and disability. Its responsibilities include epidemiology, surveillance, detection, laboratory science, ecological investigations, training, disease control methods, chronic disease prevention, health promotion, and injury prevention and control. Its major tasks include the licensing of qualified clinical laboratories for interstate commerce, maintenance of laboratories as reference centers for microorganisms and infectious diseases, and operation of extensive research programs in the prevention, detection and control of disease. The CDC's name has changed several times to reflect its expanding role; it has been called the Communicable Disease Center (1946), the Center for Disease Control (1970), and the Centers for Disease Control (1980). The latest name change, enacted by Congress in 1992, reflects the expansion of the scope of the CDC's mission to include health promotion and education. Because of the widespread recognition of the acronym CDC, that acronym continues to be used by the agency. The mailing address of the CDC is Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd. NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, and the website is http://www.cdc.gov.
ejaculation center a reflex center in the lumbar spinal cord that regulates ejaculation of semen during sexual stimulation.
erection center a reflex center in the sacral spinal cord that regulates erection of the penis or clitoris. Called also genital center.
feeding center a group of cells in the lateral hypothalamus that when stimulated cause a sensation of hunger; called also hunger center.
genital center erection center.
germinal center the area in the center of a lymph node containing aggregations of actively proliferating lymphocytes.
health center
1. a community health organization providing ambulatory health care and referrals to appropriate service agencies, and coordinating the efforts of all health agencies.
2. an educational complex consisting of a medical college, nursing college, and various allied health professional schools.
heat-regulating c's thermoregulatory centers.
hunger center feeding center.
medullary respiratory center the nerve center in the medulla oblongata that coordinates respiratory movements.
micturition c's a nerve center controlling the bladder and inhibiting the tension of the vesical sphincter, situated in the lumbar enlargement.
nerve center a collection of nerve cells in the central nervous system that are associated together in the performance of some particular function, such as a primary area or an association area.
nursing center a site where public health or primary care services, including patient education, assessment, and screening and preventive services are provided and managed by registered nurses.
center of ossification any point in bones at which ossification begins.
pneumotaxic center a nerve center in the upper pons that rhythmically inhibits inhalation.
poison center (poison control center) see poison control center.
rectovesical center a reflex center in the spinal cord that regulates the rectum and bladder.
reflex center any nerve center at which afferent sensory impressions are converted into efferent motor impulses.
respiratory c's a series of nerve centers (the apneustic, pneumotaxic, and medullary respiratory centers) in the medulla and pons that coordinate respiratory movements.
satiety center a group of cells in the ventromedial hypothalamus that when stimulated suppress the desire for food.
senior center a program supported by Title XX funding, providing recreational activities and lunch for a small fee for older adults in need of socialization. Health assessments and education may also be provided.
sudorific center
1. a nerve center in the anterior hypothalamus controlling sweating.
2. any of several nerve centers in the medulla oblongata or spinal cord that exercise parasympathetic control over sweating. Called also sweat center.
swallowing center deglutition center.
sweat center sudorific center.
thermoregulatory c's nerve centers in the hypothalamus that regulate the conservation and dissipation of heat.
thirst center a group of cells in the lateral hypothalamus that when stimulated cause a sensation of thirst.
trauma center an institution officially designated as a site to which catastrophically injured patients can be brought quickly to receive specialized care. Trauma centers are classified as Level I, II, or III according to criteria developed by the Committee on Trauma of the American College of Surgeons, with Level I facilities having the equipment and personnel necessary to care for the most seriously injured patients.
vasoconstrictor center a nerve center in the medulla oblongata and lower pons that controls contraction of the blood vessels.
vasodilator center a nerve center in the medulla oblongata that causes dilation of blood vessels by repressing the activity of the vasoconstrictor center.
vasomotor c's nerve centers in the medulla oblongata and the lower pons that regulate the caliber of the blood vessels and increase or decrease the heart rate and contractility. See also vasoconstrictor c. and vasodilator c. Called also cardiovascular control c's.
vomiting center a center in the lower central region of the medulla oblongata; its stimulation causes vomiting.
word center, auditory Wernicke's area.

cen·ter

(sen'ter), [TA]
1. The middle point of a body; loosely, the interior of a body. A center of any kind, especially an anatomic center.
2. A group of nerve cells governing a specific function.
Synonym(s): centrum [TA]
[L. centrum; G. kentron]

center

/cen·ter/ (sen´ter)
1. the middle point of a body.
2. a collection of neurons in the central nervous system that are concerned with performance of a particular function.

accelerating center  the part of the vasomotor center involved in acceleration of the heart.
apneustic center  the neurons in the brain stem controlling normal respiration.
Broca's center  Broca's motor speech area.
cardioinhibitory center  the part of the vasomotor center that exerts an inhibitory influence on the heart.
centers of chondrification  dense aggregations of embryonic mesenchymal cells at sites of future cartilage formation.
ciliospinal center  one in the lower cervical and upper thoracic portions of the spinal cord, involved in dilatation of the pupil.
community mental health center  (CMHC) a mental health facility or group of affiliated agencies that provide various psychotherapeutic services to a designated geographic area.
coughing center  one in the medulla oblongata above the respiratory center, which controls the act of coughing.
deglutition center  a nerve center in the medulla oblongata that controls the function of swallowing.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  (CDC) an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, serving as a center for the control, prevention, and investigation of diseases.
ejaculation center  the reflex center in the lumbar spinal cord that regulates ejaculation of semen during sexual stimulation.
epiotic center  the center of ossification that forms the mastoid process.
erection center  a reflex center in the sacral spinal cord that regulates erection of the penis or clitoris.
feeding center  a group of cells in the lateral hypothalamus that when stimulated cause a sensation of hunger.
germinal center  the area in the center of a lymph nodule containing aggregations of actively proliferating lymphocytes.
health center 
1. a community health organization for creating health work and coordinating the efforts of all health agencies.
2. an educational complex consisting of a medical school and various allied health professional schools.
medullary respiratory center  the part of the respiratory centers that is in the medulla oblongata.
nerve center  center (2).
ossification center  any point at which the process of ossification begins in a bone; in a long bone there is a primary center for the diaphysis and one secondary center for each epiphysis.
pneumotaxic center  one in the upper pons that rhythmically inhibits inspiration.
reflex center  any center in the brain or spinal cord in which a sensory impression is changed into a motor impulse.
respiratory centers  a series of centers (apneustic and pneumotaxic respiratory centers and dorsal and ventral respiratory groups) in the medulla and pons that coordinate respiratory movements.
satiety center  a group of cells in the ventromedial hypothalamus that when stimulated suppress a desire for food.
sudorific center 
1. a center in the anterior hypothalamus controlling diaphoresis.
2. any of several centers in the medulla oblongata or spinal cord that exercise parasympathetic control over diaphoresis.
swallowing center  deglutition c.
thermoregulatory centers  hypothalamic centers regulating the conservation and dissipation of heat.
thirst center  a group of cells in the lateral hypothalamus that when stimulated cause a sensation of thirst.
vasomotor centers  centers in the medulla oblongata and lower pons that regulate the caliber of blood vessels and the heart rate and contractility.

center

Etymology: Gk, kentron
1 the middle point of the body or geometric entity, equidistant from points on the periphery.
2 a group of neurons with a common function, such as the accelerating center in the brain that controls the heartbeat.

center

Anatomy A region in the body where something occurs. See Burned-out germinal center, Cell center, Ejaculation center, Erection center, Feeding center, Germinal center, Ossification center, Regressively transformed germinal center, Satiation center, Vasomotor center Vox populi A place where something occurs. See Academic medical center, Alternative birthing center, Ambulatory care center, Ambulatory surgery center, Burn center, Cancer center, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Center of excellence, CEPH center, Community mental health center, Day care center, Diagnostic center, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Imaging center, Level one trauma center, Medical center, MTOC, Multicenter, Poison control center, Research center, Residential treatment, Secondary care center, Surgicenter, Tertiary care center, Urgent care center, Yerkes Regional Primate Research center.

cen·ter

(sen'tĕr) [TA]
1. The middle point of a body.
2. A center of any kind, especially an anatomic center.
Synonym(s): centrum [TA] , centre.
3. A group of nerve cells governing a specific function.
4. A health care or therapeutic facility performing a particular function or service for people in the surrounding area.
Synonym(s): centre.
[L. centrum; G. kentron]

center

(sent'er) [L. centrum, center fr Gr. kentron, point, needle, pivot]
1. The middle point of a body.
2. A group of nerve cells within the central nervous system that controls a specific activity or function.

acoustic center

The hearing center in the brain, located in the temporal lobe of the cerebrum.

adult day care center

A center for daytime supervision of adults. These centers provide supervised social, recreational, and health-related activities, usually in a group setting. The centers permit caregivers a respite and free them for other activities (work, play, appointments, socialization) during the day.

ambulatory surgery center

An outpatient surgical center for cardioversions, endoscopies, and other relatively minor operations that do not require prolonged confinement in a hospital.

apneustic center

A cluster of brainstem neurons, located in the lower pons, that regulate breathing by prolonging inhalation.

association center

The center controlling associated movements.

auditory center

The center for hearing in the anterior gyri of the transverse temporal gyri.
See: auditory area

autonomic center

The center in the brain or spinal cord that regulates any of the activities under the control of the autonomic nervous system. Most centers are located in the hypothalamus, medulla oblongata, and spinal cord.

birth center

An alternative nonhospital facility that provides family-oriented maternity care for women judged to be at low risk of experiencing obstetrical complications.

Broca center

See: Broca, Pierre-Paul

call center

A communications center that manages incoming and outgoing telephone calls with customers and clients. In health care, the center may help to manage appointments and messages or may provide patients with information about illnesses, health care resources, services provided, or self-management of disease.

cardioaccelerator center

The center in the medulla oblongata that gives rise to impulses that speed up the heart rate. Impulses reach the heart by way of sympathetic fibers.

cardioinhibitory center

The center in the medulla oblongata that gives rise to impulses that decrease the heart rate. Impulses reach the heart by way of the vagus (parasympathetic) nerves.

chondrification center

The center of cartilage formation.

ciliospinal center

The center in the spinal cord that transmits sympathetic impulses that dilate the pupils of the eyes.

day care center

A place for the care of preschool children when their parents are for any reason unable to care for them. Initially, such facilities were open during normal working hours, but many now offer early drop-off and late pickup.

defecation center

Either of two centers, a medullary center located in the medulla oblongata and a spinal center located in the second to fourth sacral segments of the spinal cord. The anospinal center controls the reflex aspects of defecation.

deglutition center

A group of structures in the brain that controls swallowing. These structures are located in the medulla oblongata and in the inferior pons.

diabetic center

1. An area in the floor of the fourth ventricle of the brain.
2. A health care facility that provides specialized care to patients with diabetes mellitus.

epiotic center

The ossification center of the temporal bone, forming the upper and posterior part of the auditory capsule.

expiratory center

The part of the respiratory center, located dorsal to the inspiratory center, that promotes a forced exhalation.

feeding center

An area in the ventrolateral nucleus of the hypothalamus that originates signals to the cerebral cortex that stimulate eating.
See: satiety center; set point weight

germinal center

A collection of B cells undergoing proliferation within the follicle of a lymph node or other lymphoid tissue after antigen stimulation.

gustatory center

The center, primarily in the parietal lobes, that feels and interprets taste. Synonym: taste center; taste area

heat-regulating center

Either of two centers, a heat loss and a heat production center, located in the hypothalamus. They regulate body temperature.

higher center

A center in any portion of the brain, in contrast to one in the spinal cord.

independent living center

A community facility that coordinates services for the disabled, including counseling, training, rehabilitation, assistance with devices, and respite care.

inspiratory center

The respiratory center, located in the rostral half of the reticular formation overlying the olivary nuclei, that generates impulses that cause contraction of the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles.

lower center

A center in the brainstem or spinal cord.
Enlarge picture
MICTURITION CENTER

micturition center

A center that controls the reflexes of the urinary bladder. These are located in the second to fourth and fourth to sixth sacral segments of the cord. Higher centers are present in the medulla oblongata, hypothalamus, and cerebrum.
See: illustration

motor cortical center

An area in the frontal lobe in which impulses for voluntary movements originate.

nerve center

An area in the central nervous system or in a ganglion that is responsible for certain functions; examples include the motor areas in the frontal lobes of the cerebrum.

organization center

1. An embryonic group of cells that induces the development of another structure.
2. A region in an ovum that is responsible for the mode of development of the fertilized ovum.

ossification center

The site or sites in bones where calcification begins and bone replaces fibrous connective tissue or cartilage. The region of bone formation at the center of the body of a long bone is called the primary (diaphyseal) ossification center. Most secondary ossification centers are found in the epiphyses.

panoramic rotational center

The axis on which the tube head and cassette of a panoramic x-ray machine rotate.

pneumotaxic center

The center in the pons that rhythmically inhibits inspiration.

poison control center

, poison center
A facility meeting the staffing and equipment standards of the American Association of Poison Control Centers and recognized to be able to give information about poisoning or treatment to patients suffering from poisoning. A poison information center consists of specially trained staff and a reference library but does not have treatment facilities. More than 400 poison centers are scattered throughout the U.S., offering 24-hr service. They are commonly associated with or are part of large hospitals or medical schools. A government agency (the Bureau of Drugs Division of the Poison Control Branch of the Food and Drug Administration, U.S, Department of Health and Human Services) is also active in poison control programs and in coordinating the efforts of individual centers. In the U.S., all poison control centers can be reached by calling 1-800-222-1222.

psychocortical center

Any of the centers of the cerebral cortex concerned with voluntary muscular contractions.

reflex center

A region within the brain or spinal cord where connections (synapses) are made between afferent and efferent neurons of a reflex arc.

respiratory center

A region in the medulla oblongata of the brainstem that regulates movements of respiration. This area consists of an inspiratory center and an expiratory center. The pons contains the apneustic center and the pneumotaxic center.

satiety center

An area in the ventromedial hypothalamus that modulates the stimulus to eat by sending inhibitory impulses, following a meal, to the feeding center. Blood levels of nutrients and gastrointestinal hormones influence its activity.

senior center

A community building or meeting room where older adults gather for education, recreation, and services and activities that reflect their interests, enhance their dignity, support their independence, and encourage their involvement with the community. There are approx. 15,000 centers across the U.S., serving close to 10 million older adults annually. Most are supported by government and local nonprofit organizations. Since 1965, the Older Americans Act has provided some funding support to over 6000 senior centers through service contracts for program activities.

speech center

Broca area.

stroke center

A tertiary care hospital that specializes in the care of patients with acute neurological dysfunction, esp. the administration of thrombolytic drugs to appropriately selected patients with acute ischemic stroke; the management of patient blood pressure, glucose levels, and electrolytes; early mobilization of patients; and the prevention of complications of stroke, including deep venous thrombosis, depression, malnutrition, and pressure ulcers.

suicide prevention center

A health care facility for preventing suicide by counseling and crisis intervention.

sweat center

Any of the principal centers controlling perspiration located in the hypothalamus; secondary centers are present in the spinal cord.

taste center

Gustatory center.

temperature center

Thermoregulatory center.

thermoregulatory center

A center in the hypothalamus that regulates heat production and heat loss, esp. the latter, so that a normal body temperature is maintained. It is influenced by nerve impulses from cutaneous receptors and by the temperature of the blood flowing through it. Synonym: temperature center

trauma center

A regional hospital capable of providing care for critically injured patients. A surgical team, operating suite, surgical subspecialties, intensive care unit, and specialized nursing team are always available.

vasoconstrictor center

The center in the medulla oblongata that brings about the constriction of blood vessels.

vasodilator center

The center in the medulla oblongata that brings about the dilation of blood vessels.

vasomotor center

The center that controls the diameter of blood vessels; the vasoconstrictor and vasodilator centers.

visual center

A center in the occipital lobes of the cerebrum that receives visual information transmitted from the retina.

vital center

Any of the centers in the medulla concerned with respiration, heart rate, or blood pressure.

cen·ter

(sen'tĕr) [TA]
1. The middle point of a body; loosely, the interior of a body, especially an anatomic center.
2. A group of nerve cells governing a specific function.
[L. centrum; G. kentron]

center

a point from which a process starts, especially a plexus or ganglion giving off nerves that control a function.

accelerating center
one in the brainstem involved in acceleration of heart action.
appetite center
located in the hypothalamus; controls appetite.
auditory center
the center for hearing, in the more anterior of the transverse temporal gyri.
cardioinhibitory center
one in the medulla oblongata that exerts an inhibitory influence on the heart.
deglutition center
a nerve center in the medulla oblongata that controls swallowing.
diaphragmatic center
see diaphragmatic tendon.
emetic center
located in the reticular formation of the brainstem, this center controls vomiting.
eructation center
controls eructation in ruminants; located in the medulla oblongata.
expiratory center
one of the four respiratory centers (see below).
germinal center
the area in the center of a lymph node containing aggregations of actively proliferating lymphocytes.
gustatory center
the cerebral center supposed to control taste.
inspiratory respiratory center
one of the four respiratory centers.
lymph node germinal center
centers in lymph nodes where lymphocytes are produced.
medullary respiratory center
the center in the medulla oblongata that coordinates respiratory movements.
motor center
any center that originates, controls, inhibits or maintains motor impulses.
nerve center
a collection of nerve cells in the central nervous system that are associated together in the performance of some particular function.
center of ossification
see ossification center.
perineal center
see perineal body.
reflex center
any nerve center at which afferent sensory information is converted into efferent motor impulses.
respiratory c's
a series of the centers (the apneustic, pneumotaxic and medullary respiratory centers) in the medulla and pons that coordinate respiratory movements.
center-surround retinal organization
the arrangement of cells in the receptive field of the retina; the sensitivity of a certain spot in the retina is affected by what is occurring in adjacent areas.
swallowing center
deglutition center.
thermoregulatory c's
hypothalamic centers regulating the conservation and dissipation of heat.
vasomotor center
a combination of two centers in the reticular formation of the brainstem; includes a pressor and a depressor center.
vomiting center
see emetic center (above).

Patient discussion about center

Q. Is fibromyalgia related to Central Nervous System? Is fibromyalgia related to Central Nervous System? Among men and women who is more prone to the symptoms of fibromyalgia?

A. here is a quote from the National Fibromyalgia Association site:

"Little research has been conducted that measures the prevalence of fibromyalgia, and estimates vary widely as to the proportion of male versus female patients. A 1999 epidemiology study conducted in London found a female to male ratio of roughly three to one. However, a 2001 review of the research literature in Current Rheumatology Reports stated the ratio was nine to one."

Q. Do you know where can I find alcoholism treatment centers in Forest Grove, Pennsylvania? My stepmother is asking for my help to find an alcoholism treatment center where she can admit her daughter. Sabina, my stepsister has been addicted to alcohol ever since our dad died. Though we weren't very close, I still want her back to her normal state for she's still my sister. Please help me.

A. Look in the phone book for AA or Alcoholics Anonymous and call and you will find the best answer for your particular questions. Don't wait.

Pittsburgh Area Central Office
401 Wood Street
Suite 906
Pittsburgh, PA 15222
United States
Phone:(412)471-7472
Fax:(412)471-7476
Site: www.pghaa.org
Email: ofcmgr@pghaa.org


24 Hour Answering Service (Washington, PA)
Washington, PENNSYLVANIA 15301
United States
Phone:(724)225-4188

http://www.theagapecenter.com/AAinUSA/Pennsylvania.htm

521 Club, The - A recovery clubhouse. Hosts Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) meetings. (717) 299-9397 or (717) 509-6920. 2400 Butter Road. Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

Northeastern Pennsylvania Alcoholics Anonymous - Includes Forest City, Hotline (570) 654-0488.

Q. What happens in rehab centers? How do they “cure” alcoholics and drug addicts?

A. REHAB;for alcoholics are the same as rehabs for drugs addicted people--alcohol is a drug,people learn how to deal with ther disease,they learn how to ask for help when they fell like drinking,they learn how to go to meetings everyday,they learn how to stay away from people places and things that remind them of drinking(bars)(friends).rehabs DO NOT CURE YOU they teach you how to cure yourself or stay away from alcohol/drugs---mrfoot56---peace

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