cannula for aortic root with a drainage line
The antegrade cardioplegic
solution was infused through the ascending aorta with temporary occlusion of the ALCAPA orifice.
Surgery was performed through a median sternotomy with cardiopulmonary bypass and cold cardioplegic
Cardiac arrest was done by using warm blood cardioplegic
solution through aortic root infusion after the aortic clamp.
The heart is then isolated by crossclamping the ascending aorta and cold cardioplegic
solution is infused to lower the metabolic rate of the myocardium, bringing about asystole and preventing cell death during the ischaemic period.
1 During the last 30 years, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed primarily with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass system ("on pump") using cardioplegic
1) Although cardioplegic
arrest is induced during cardiac surgery, the incidence of complications such as peri-operative myocardial infarction remains high (9.
Blood based cardioplegic
solution was delivered either antegrade in the aortic root, or, antegrade as well as retrograde through a cannula placed in the coronary sinus.
Hence, surgery was performed on Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB) with moderate hypothermia and cold-blood cardioplegic
arrest after cross clamping the aorta and looping and snugging the pulmonary artery.
Antegrade versus antegrade with retrograde delivery of cardioplegic
solution in myocardial revascularisation.
Ischaemic reperfusion injury (IRI) following cardioplegic
arrest results in increased ROS production.
Another patient with a fungal infection was the recipient of NECC-made cardioplegic
solution, which is used to paralyze the muscles of the heart during open heart surgery.