cardiac massage


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massage

 [mah-sahzh´]
systematic therapeutic stroking or kneading of the body.
cardiac massage intermittent compression of the heart by pressure applied either over the sternum (closed cardiac massage) or directly to the heart through an opening in the chest wall (open cardiac massage).
simple massage in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as stimulation of the skin and underlying tissues with varying degrees of hand pressure to decrease pain, produce relaxation, and/or improve circulation.
vibratory massage massage by rapidly repeated light percussion with a vibrating hammer or sound.

heart mas·sage

rhythmic massage of the heart either in an open chest or through the chest wall to renew failed circulation during cardiac resuscitation.
Synonym(s): cardiac massage

cardiac massage

n.
A resuscitative procedure that employs the rhythmic compression of the chest and heart in an effort to restore and maintain the circulation after cardiac arrest or ventricular fibrillation. Also called heart massage.

cardiac massage

repeated, rhythmic compression of the heart applied directly, during surgery, or through the intact chest wall in an effort to maintain circulation after cardiac arrest or ventricular fibrillation. Also called heart massage. See also cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

heart mas·sage

(hahrt mă-sahzh')
Rhythmic massage of the heart either in an open chest or through the chest wall to renew failed circulation during cardiac resuscitation.
Synonym(s): cardiac massage.

cardiac massage

Deliberate repeated compression of the heart so as to maintain the blood circulation when the heart has stopped beating (CARDIAC ARREST). In external cardiac masssage, the heart is repeatedly compressed between the back of the breast bone and the front of the spine by pressure on the front of the chest. In internal massage, the heart is exposed and squeezed with the hand.

cardiac massage

performed to restore/maintain circulation when there is cardiac arrest. For external cardiac massage the lower part of the sternum (breastbone) is rhythmically depressed to compress the heart and force out blood into the arteries. More drastically, the chest may be opened, to allow direct manual compression of the heart. See also cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

heart mas·sage

(hahrt mă-sahzh')
Rhythmic massage of the heart either in an open chest or through the chest wall to renew failed circulation during cardiac resuscitation.
Synonym(s): cardiac massage.

cardiac

1. pertaining to the heart. See also heart.
2. pertaining to the gastric cardia.

cardiac afterload
the impedance to ventricular emptying presented by aortic pressure.
cardiac area
cardiac biopsy
an uncommon clinical procedure. May be performed via thoracotomy or with a biopsy catheter introduced intravenously.
cardiac catheterization
the insertion of a catheter into a vein or artery and guiding it into the interior of the heart for purposes of measuring cardiac output, determining the oxygen content of blood in the heart chambers, and evaluating the structural components of the heart.
cardiac compensation
in cardiac disease the compensation for the inefficiency of the heart's pump action by enlisting the various reserves of the heart such as hypertrophy, enlargement, increase in rate, so as to maintain circulatory equilibrium and prevent the appearance of signs of congestive heart failure.
cardiac compression
an emergency measure to empty the ventricles of the heart in an effort to circulate the blood, and also to stimulate the heart so that it will resume its pumping action. Involves the application of pressure through the thoracic wall. More commonly used in animals than other forms of cardiac massage.
cardiac conducting cells
specialized cardiac fibers modified to conduct impulses from the A-V node via the septum to the ventricles. Called also Purkinje fibers.
cardiac conducting system
the cardiac tissue responsible for electrical conduction, made up of the sinoatrial node, the atrioventricular node, and the atrioventricular bundle and cardiac conducting fibers.
cardiac depressor nerve
a branch of the vagus nerve composed of afferent nerve fibers which arise around the base of the heart; called also aortic nerve.
cardiac dilatation
the heart volume is increased but the effective mass of cardiac muscle is not. A dilated heart has lost some of its reserve.
cardiac dullness
the area of the chest wall over which a dull sound, indicating the position of the heart, can be elicited by percussion.
cardiac failure
cardiac fibrillation
see ventricular fibrillation.
cardiac fibrosis
see cardiac cirrhosis.
cardiac flow load
the work required of the heart can be increased by a need for an increased flow rate of blood, e.g. when there is an anastomosis, congenital arteriovenous defect, portosystemic shunt.
cardiac function curves
statistical curves used in modeling the cardiovascular functions, relating e.g. venous return to cardiac output.
cardiac glands
in the cardiac region of the gastric wall; branched, tubular, coiled, mucus-secreting.
cardiac glycosides
the glycosides of Digitalis purpurea (digitoxin, gitalin and gitoxin) and digoxin (from D. lanata). Strophanthin and ouabain are glycosides found in Strophanthus spp. Other cardiac glycosides are present in the skin of toads (Bufo maritimus, B. vulgaris), but are of toxicological rather than therapeutic interest.
cardiac horse sickness
see african horse sickness.
cardiac hypertrophy
enlargement of the heart coincident with an increase in muscle mass; an indication of response to an increase in load which may or may not be associated with disease. It is an expression of cardiac compensation but some of the cardiac reserve has been lost.
cardiac impulse
see cardiac impulse. Called also apex beat.
cardiac index
cardiac output divided by the animal's body surface area in m2. The normal range for dogs is 1.8-3.5 l/m2.
left-sided cardiac enlargement
may involve either the left ventricle or atrium, or both, and can be demonstrated on radiographs and electrocardiography. Seen most commonly in mitral valvular disease in dogs.
cardiac massage
manual massage of the heart or stimulation with an electrical current through an open thoracic wall. The term is sometimes used interchangeably with cardiac compression.
cardiac mucosa
the most cranial of the gastric mucosae; secretes only mucus, except in pigs, in which the area covered by this mucosa is much larger than in the other species and bicarbonate is also secreted.
cardiac murmur
see heart murmur.
cardiac output
the volume of blood pumped per unit of time. May be calculated by oxygen consumption measurement or determined by dilution of indocyanine green or cold saline, using catheters with thermistors placed intravenously (thermodilution method). It can be estimated clinically by measuring heart rate, pulse quality or pressure, and assessment of tissue perfusion, e.g. capillary refill time.
cardiac pacing
employing cardiac pacemakers to control heart rate.
cardiac preload
ventricular end-diastolic volume.
cardiac pressure load
the stress of working against an elevated blood pressure in the arterial circuit; one of the two major groups of causes of heart disease; the other is flow load.
cardiac racing syndrome
a disease of companion birds manifested by a sudden increase in heart rate, up to 1000/min, in the period immediately after being restrained. Death occurs within a few seconds.
cardiac reserve
the reserve mechanisms in the heart to compensate for defects which could make the heart's pumping action ineffective. The reserve mechanisms include hypertrophy, enlargement, increase in heart rate and an increase in stroke volume, a result of the increase in muscle mass and the enlargement of the ventricles.
right-sided cardiac enlargement
may involve either the right ventricle or atrium. Occurs in heartworm disease in dogs.
cardiac rupture
penetration of the myocardium by a reticular foreign body in cows, or rupture of a patch of chronic fibrotic myocarditis in horses, causes cardiac tamponade and sudden death.
cardiac size
may increase as a result of hypertrophy, dilatation or a combination of the two. A common belief with some scientific support is that performance of horses in sprint races is closely related to heart size.
cardiac stroke volume
the amount of blood ejected with each systole.
cardiac thrill
see thrill.
cardiac valve fenestration
the valve surface is incomplete, creating a lattice effect; mostly congenital defects in foals.
cardiac valve hematocysts
congenital, blood-filled cysts on the atrioventricular valves considered to be of no pathogenic significance.
cardiac valve laceration
tearing of the valve tissue or attachment to myocardium may occur spontaneously or as a sequel to endocarditis; adds a significant additional flow load to the heart.
cardiac valve rupture
see cardiac valve laceration (above).
cardiac valves
heart valves formed by evaginations of the cardiac and vascular endothelium supported by connective tissue; includes atrioventricular and semilunar valves on both sides of the heart.
cardiac valvular disease
see valvular disease.
cardiac vascular shunts
includes patent foramen ovale, ventricular septal defect, tetralogy of Fallot, patent ductus arteriosus.
cardiac work
includes effective work—that needed for the onward propulsion of blood through the correct channels against arterial pressure, total work—includes all of the work performed by the heart including some involved in moving blood in the wrong direction.

massage

systematic therapeutic stroking or kneading of the body or part.

acupressure massage
massage therapy based on the Chinese meridian theory in which pressure is applied to acupuncture points to keep energy channels open.
cardiac massage
intermittent compression of the heart by pressure applied through the chest wall (closed cardiac massage) or directly to the heart through an opening in the chest wall (open cardiac massage). See also cardiac massage.
cold massage
uses ice to massage to skin. Vasoconstriction and delayed nerve conduction in deep tissues raises the pain threshold.
friction massage
applied across the direction of underlying fibers to promote blood flow and prevent adhesions.
genitalic massage
of the seminal vesicles in bulls or the penis in male dogs for the purpose of collecting semen, of the clitoris in cows and goat does for the collection of urine.
massage therapy
a technique of physical therapy in which hands and body are used to massage soft tissues. Its objective is to improve circulation and muscle function, release scar tissue and produce relaxation.
trigger massage
massage techniques are centered on areas of maximal tenderness in muscle tissue, detectable as taut bands. Called also myotherapy.
vibratory massage
massage by rapidly repeated light percussion with a vibrating hammer or sound.
References in periodicals archive ?
Object of the contract includes the delivery to the registered office ordering of automatic cardiac massage, which required technical parameters specified in Annex No.
it was the first time i had done cardiac massage outside of hospital.
The 26-year-old rider fell with 25km remaining and was unconscious with blood coming from his mouth and nose before medics gave him a cardiac massage at the scene.
Medics gave him a cardiac massage at the scene but were unsuccessful in their attempts to revive him.
The turning point came in 1960 when doctors at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine resuscitated 14 out of 20 cardiac arrest patients by applying closed-chest cardiac massage.
This is one reason why it is essential that the patient is nursed in an intensive care unit where his heart is monitored and he can be watched by trained staff all the time; in the case of an arrest, cardiac massage can be started right away.
The patient revived after I gave him cardiac massage.
This is depressing," referencing a viral video where a cat gives a cardiac massage to another cat that has been hit by a car.
Accordingly, CPR was optimised by intravenous adrenaline, volume loading and by increasing the depth of external cardiac massage.
5 (8-27) Cardiac massage in first 48 h 6 (50) Endotracheal intubation in first 48 h 11 (92) Respiratory distress syndrome 11 (92) Hyaline membranes disease 9 (75) Bradypneic syndrome 7 (58) Bronchopulmonary dysplasia 8 (67) Amniotic fluid aspiration 1 (8) Invasive mechanical ventilation, d, median (range) 12 (2-50) Endotracheal intubation during hospital stay 12 (100) Infectious complications Lung infection 5 (42) Other systemic infection 7 (58) Other complications Intraventricular hemorrhage 4 (33) Persistent artery canal 7 (58) Necrotizing enterocolitis 2 (17) Congenital malformations 1 (8) Hospitalization Stay in neonatology ward, d, [section] median (range) 113.
The heartbeat was revived temporarily after applying cardiac massage but again relapsed as his system refused to react to the artificial respiration or any other treatment.
Treatment included cardiac resuscitation, involving cardiac massage, packed red blood cells, fluids and vascular suppressors, which brought the patient's pressure back up, permitting the patient to be transferred back to the OR.