cardiac insufficiency


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heart fail·ure

1. inadequacy of the heart so that as a pump it fails to maintain the circulation of blood, with the result that congestion and edema develop in the tissues;
See also: forward heart failure, backward heart failure, right ventricular failure, left ventricular failure. Synonym(s): cardiac failure, cardiac insufficiency, congestive heart failure, myocardial insufficiency
2. resulting clinical syndromes include shortness of breath, pitting or nonpitting edema, enlarged tender liver, engorged neck veins, and pulmonary rales in various combinations.

cardiac insufficiency

the inability of the heart to pump efficiently. See also cardiac decompensation.

heart failure

The loss of the heart’s ability to effectively pump blood, which may affect the right, left, or both sides of the heart. With the loss of pumping action on the right side, blood may back up into other areas of the body (e.g., the liver, GI tract, extremities); the heart may be unable to pump blood efficiently to or through the lungs.

Heart failure syndromes
Acute heart failure
Abrupt onset of dyspnoea, pulmonary oedema, left-sided heart disease.

Circulatory collapse 
Hypotension, oliguria, poor peripheral circulation, cold blue extremities.
• Cardiogenic—Acute left ventricular disease—e.g., acute myocardial infarction.
• Peripheral—e.g., blood loss, gram-negative septicaemia.

Chronic heart failure
Dyspnoea, poor exercise tolerance, peripheral oedema, two-pillow sleeping, chronic lung disease.

Heart failure signs at autopsy
Pulmonary and pedal oedema—sensitive but nonspecific; also, hepatic congestion, bilateral pleural effusions ± ascites, ventricular hypertrophy or dilation, clear history of heart failure or treatment with a diuretic, beta blocker, or ACE inhibitor.

cardiac insufficiency

Heart failure, see there.

heart fail·ure

(hahrt fāl'yŭr)
1. Inadequacy of the heart so that as a pump it fails to maintain the circulation of blood, with the result that congestion and edema develop in the tissues.
See also: forward heart failure, backward heart failure, right ventricular failure, left ventricular failure
Synonym(s): cardiac insufficiency, congestive heart failure, myocardial insufficiency.
2. Resulting clinical syndromes including shortness of breath, pitting edema, enlarged tender liver, engorged neck veins, and pulmonary rales in various combinations.

algesiometer

instrument to give an objective value to levels of pain experienced

disease

pathogenic entity characterized by an identifiable aetiological agent, group of signs and symptoms and/or consistent anatomical alterations; see syndrome

heart fail·ure

(hahrt fāl'yŭr)
1. Inadequacy of the heart so that as a pump it fails to maintain the circulation of blood, with the result that congestion and edema develop in the tissues.
2. Resulting clinical syndromes including shortness of breath, pitting edema, enlarged tender liver, and pulmonary rales in various combinations.

insufficiency

inability to perform properly an allotted function.

adrenal insufficiency
hypoadrenalism.
aortic insufficiency
inadequacy of the aortic valve, permitting blood to flow back into the left ventricle of the heart.
cardiac insufficiency
inability of the heart to perform its function properly; heart failure.
coronary insufficiency
decreased supply of blood to the myocardium resulting from constriction or obstruction of the coronary arteries, but not accompanied by necrosis of the myocardial cells. Called also ischemic myocardial necrosis.
hepatic insufficiency
inadequate liver function, short of hepatic failure.
ileocecal insufficiency
inability of the ileocecal valve to prevent backflow of contents from the cecum into the ileum.
pulmonary insufficiency
insufficiency of the pulmonary valve, permitting blood to flow into the right ventricle of the heart.
respiratory insufficiency
a condition in which respiratory function is inadequate to meet the body's needs when increased physical activity places extra demands on it. See also respiratory insufficiency.
thyroid insufficiency
hypothyroidism.
valvular insufficiency
failure of a cardiac valve to close perfectly, causing the blood to flow back through the orifice (valvular regurgitation); named, according to the valve affected, aortic, mitral, pulmonary or tricuspid insufficiency.
velopharyngeal insufficiency
failure of velopharyngeal closure due to cleft palate, muscular dysfunction, etc., resulting in defective swallowing with regurgitation through the nose.
venous insufficiency
inadequacy of the venous valves with impairment of venous drainage, resulting in edema.

Patient discussion about cardiac insufficiency

Q. What Is the Treatment for Congestive Heart Failure? My mother is 76 years ols and has been suffering from a heart disease for many years. Lately she has developed congestive heart failure. How is this situation treated?

A. In addition to everything else, she might try CoQ10, a supplement available at most nutrition stores.

"Congestive heart failure has been strongly correlated with significantly low blood and tissue levels of CoQ10 ....

[In numerous studies] treatment with CoQ10 significantly improved heart muscle function while producing no adverse effects or drug interactions."

http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/coenzq10.html

Q. congestive heart failure how it works is it to do with fluid built up in your body

A. Congestive heart failure (CHF), or heart failure, is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to the body's other organs. The "failing" heart keeps working but not as efficiently as it should. People with heart failure can't exert themselves because they become short of breath and tired.
As blood flow out of the heart slows, blood returning to the heart through the veins backs up, causing congestion in the tissues. Often swelling (edema) results. Most often there's swelling in the legs and ankles, but it can happen in other parts of the body, too. Sometimes fluid collects in the lungs and interferes with breathing, causing shortness of breath, especially when a person is lying down.
Heart failure also affects the kidneys' ability to dispose of sodium and water. The retained water increases the edema.

Q. describe the symptoms of congestive heart failure

A. From my own expierience, EM24 gave an accurate answer. My edema also affects my hands as well as ankles. I was given a Xopenex HFA inhaler to use if lungs are affected.

More discussions about cardiac insufficiency
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the researchers, this project shows that some drugs prescribed for patients with cardiac insufficiency do not actually inhibit the enzyme lysyl oxidase, nor do they reduce fibrosis or improve heart functions.
The development of cardiac insufficiency could thus be impeded," said Begoqa Lspez.
Modern BNP POCT analyzers such as the Biosite Triage assay offer a fast and accurate method to differentiate those patients suffering from cardiac insufficiency from those that are not in heart failure.
The data indicated that the annual daily average numbers of angina and cardiac insufficiency hospital emergency transports per million increased for both males and females in July and August from 1980 to 1995, whereas the annual daily average number of hypertension hospital emergency transports per million appeared to decrease for males and females.
However, the means and variances were not equal for the distributions for cardiac insufficiency, asthma, and pneumonia.
Washington, February 18 (ANI): A study on mice has shown that an enzyme makes the heart prone to chronic cardiac insufficiency.
The main areas of research and development are oncology, cardiac insufficiency, asthma and treatment of menopausal symptoms.
The condition can lead to a number of disorders, including high blood pressure, vascular spasm, cardiac insufficiency, chest pain, and thrombotic events, of which heart attack and stroke are the most dangerous forms.
It has devoted research to anesthesia, neurology, cancer, cardiac insufficiency, asthma and treatment of post-menopausal symptoms.