glycosides of the drug are qualitatively digitoxin-like in their action, but generally weaker, probably due to the lower rate of absorption.
While some plant families responded to elevated carbon dioxide by increasing cardenolide
production, most decreased production by as much as 50 percent.
Evolutionary and ecological implications of cardenolide
sequestration in the monarch butterfly.
1991, "A cardenolide
tetraglyoside from Oxystelma esculentum, " Phytochemistry, 30, pp.
In addition, depending on the specific type of cardenolide
involved, linearly linked sugars extend from the aglycone C-3 position.
Cryptosin-a new cardenolide
in tissue culture and intact plants of Cryptolepis buchanani Roem & Schult.
It has not yet been established which mammalian cardenolide
would be the best candidate as a biomarker for HF or which combination in blood would best be suited as early biomarkers.
The signal intensity is inversely proportional to the amount of cardiac glycoside or mammalian cardenolide
in the well.
whose steroid moiety has the cis-trans-cis configuration between its ring junctions.
isolated from Antiaris toxicaria latex-derived dart poison.
are a secondary chemical that milkweeds use as a defense compound; many plant and animal species use cardenolides
in this manner, in particular, monarch butterfly larva sequester them from feeding on milkweed.
Molecules with similar structures include cardenolides
, such as digoxin and digitoxin, which are known substrates of ABC transporters (de Lan noy and Silverman 1992; Cavet et al.