carcass

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car·cass

(kar'kăs),
The body of a dead animal; in reference to animals used for human food, the body after the hide, head, tail, extremities, and viscera have been removed.
[F. carcasse, fr. It. carcassa]

carcass

Food industry
The body of a livestock animal from which the head, hide, legs, tail and viscera have been removed before rendering it into cuts of meat.

Vox populi
Any dead animal, including a human, for which the term cadaver is generally preferred.

carcass

(kăr′kăs)
A dead body; the term is usually used to describe nonhuman bodies such as the remains of a steer or a sheep.

carcass, carcase

1. the body of an animal killed for meat. The head, the legs below the knees and hocks, the tail, the skin and most of the viscera are removed. The kidneys are left in and in most instances the body is split down the middle through the sternum and the vertebral bodies. Pig carcasses are dehaired (see below). Bird carcasses are not split; the feathers are removed after scalding but the skin is not removed and no viscera are left in place. In New York dressed poultry the viscera are left in.
2. the body of any dead animal.

carcass condemnation
meat inspection is carried out on the live animal and on viscera but the principal activity is during the carcass stage. If specific abnormalities are found which indicate that the carcass, or part of it, is unfit for human consumption it is condemned. It may be used for other purposes, e.g. after special processing inclusion in animal feeds.
carcass contamination
bacterial contamination of the carcass is a serious cause of deterioration of meat during storage. It is contributed to by having the animal come onto the abattoir floor with the hair and hide badly contaminated, by careless handling of the hide and the viscera, especially the alimentary tract, contamination of the water in scalding tanks for birds and pigs, and by lack of personal hygiene on the part of abattoir workers.
carcass dehairing
pig carcasses are not skinned. They are scalded and the bristles and superficial layers of skin scraped off. The scalding vat can be a source of serious contamination.
carcass differentiation
identification of the species, sex and age of a carcass is an important function of meat hygiene because of the need to guarantee the authenticity of the description of meat at the retail point. Much of this can be done on gross examination but final determination may require laboratory tests, especially in cases where fraudulent substitution is suspected.
carcass disposal
is necessary in an abattoir for condemned carcasses. Complete incineration is necessary in cases of highly infectious disease. Heat treatment sufficient to sterilize the tissues is carried out on less dangerous materials, leading to the preparation of animal feeds or agricultural fertilizer.
At practice premises the problem is a serious one if local government provisions do not include incineration of animal material. On site incineration may be prohibited by local legislation and the need to avoid unpleasant smells. Burial is satisfactory but tedious.
carcass dressing
removal of the hide, appendages and viscera.
carcass drip
see weeping.
carcass electrical stimulation
a method of tenderizing meat by the application of electrical stimulation so as to cause muscle contraction, lowering of pH and faster autolysis.
fevered carcass
congestion of the vessels so that the surfaces of tissues have a redder appearance, and individual vessels are more readily seen.
carcass merit
scale used in assessing carcass traits.
carcass setting
rigor mortis. The muscles are hard, the joints fixed, muscle tissue loses its translucence. Proper setting is an indication of satisfactory preparation for storage of the meat without deterioration.
carcass traits
criteria used in assessing quality of a carcass. Important in determining price, suitability of breeding program, value of sire. Includes length, weight, proportion of fat and lean, distribution of fat, relative size of valuable cuts.
carcass yield
proportion of the animal's liveweight salvaged at carcass point. Called also dressed weight, killing out percentage.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of energy level in finisher diets and slaughter age of on the performance and carcass yield in broiler chickens.
05) in carcass yield hot or cold, loss during cooling, depth and carcass length, loin eye area, lean meat yield and backfat thickness between the 3rd and 4th lumbar vertebra, between carcasses of pigs immunocastrated, castrated and females.
Evaluation of slower-growing broiler genotypes grown with and without outdoor access: Growth performance and carcass yield.
Raw and steam cooked carcass yields of guinea fowl.
With regard to the slaughter age, bulls slaughtered younger (16 months) showed higher animal performance, better feed efficiency and carcass yield.
Carcass yield calculated as dressed weight per unit live weight excluded all the organs, head, feathers, neck and shanks.
A panel of experienced judges will be looking for creative ideas, cutting and display techniques, added value, food safety and hygiene, maximum carcass yield and skills content.
05) in carcass yield and giblets due different levels of either metabolizable energy or fat [16].
Carcass yield was calculated by dividing carcass weight (flesh plus bones) by live weight (by removing head, viscera and foot weights).
Sheep Experiment Station in Dubois, Idaho, research leader Greg Lewis and his colleagues have shown that ultrasound can be used to accurately predict characteristics that indicate carcass yield and value in live sheep.
Carcass quality traits were measured in centimetre (cm) using measuring tape except carcass yield which was calculated as percentage of live weight and outlined in USDA Farmer's Bulletin [8, 9] as follows: % carcass yield (the animal weight less head, foot, skin and gut content), carcass length (distance from end of leg to crouch), carcass width (distance from scapular to sternum), trochanter width and leg length.
At the end of experiment, some analyses was done via SAS [7] (Statistical Analyses Software) in the statistical level of 5% according to data gathered from dietary, weight improvement, average of FCR, weight of rearing period and carcass yield.