carbon tetrachloride


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Related to carbon tetrachloride: Carbon tetrachloride poisoning

carbon tetrachloride

 
a clear, colorless, mobile liquid used as a solvent. The most common route of poisoning is by inhalation of its vapors; it can also be absorbed through the skin. Toxicity results from depression of central nervous system activity and degeneration of the liver and kidneys. Signs of acute poisoning include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, and in severe cases anuria that can be fatal. Since the toxic concentrations are below the odor threshold, carbon tetrachloride should always be used in a well-ventilated area.

car·bon tet·ra·chlo·ride

a colorless, mobile liquid having a characteristic ethereal odor resembling that of chloroform; it is used as a cleansing fluid and as a fire extinguisher, and has been used as an anthelmintic, especially against hookworm.
Synonym(s): tetrachloromethane

carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)

Etymology: L, carbo + Gk, tetra, four, chloros, greenish
a colorless, volatile toxic liquid used as a solvent. CCl4 is particularly toxic to the kidneys and liver; permanent damage to these organs may result from exposure.

carbon tetrachloride

A volatile liquid used as a solvent and cleaning agent (dry cleaning), and in fire extinguishers and refrigerants.

Toxicity
Toxic to the CNS, liver and kidneys; may cause coma or death.

carbon tetrachloride

CCl4 Toxicology A volatile liquid used in dry cleaning and fire extinguishers

car·bon tet·ra·chlo·ride

(kahrbŏn tet-ră-klōrīd)
A colorless, mobile liquid having a characteristic ethereal odor resembling that of chloroform; used as a cleansing fluid and as a fire extinguisher.
Synonym(s): tetrachloromethane.

carbon tetrachloride

a clear, colorless, mobile liquid; the inhalation of its vapors can depress central nervous system activity and cause degeneration of the liver and kidneys. It has now been replaced as a fasciolicide so that poisoning by it is not as common as it used to be. It is a potent hepatoxin especially in sheep, in which it can cause serious losses at dose rates which on most occasions are innocuous, and in cattle when it is administered by mouth instead of by injection.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects and mechanisms of extract from Paeonia lactiflora and Astragalus membranaceus on liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats.
Sunmark Research has also developed special envelope flap adhesives that bleed when exposed to Bestine, Freon, carbon tetrachloride, or Liquid Window.
In the short term, the school s water supply well is safe for drinking because it was fitted in 2013 with a water treatment system to remove carbon tetrachloride and chloroform contamination prior to distribution.
For overview analysis, the report introduces Carbon Tetrachloride basic information including definition, classification, application, industry chain structure, industry overview, policy analysis, and news analysis, etc.
paracetamol, carbon tetrachloride, thioacetamide, alcohol, etc.
Environmentalists alleged that the unit would produce choloromethane, one of the dirtiest chemicals, apart from extremely hazardous chemicals such as carbon tetrachloride, methiline chloride, chloroform and perchloroethylene.
The Montreal Protocol deadline for developing countries to complete the phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), carbon tetrachloride (CTC), and halons is January 1, 2010.
The exceptions were carbon tetrachloride and MTBE in NYC and LA, and ethylbenzene and benzene in LA.
Instead, the depot was placed on the Superfund National Priority List in 1992 because of a wide array of contaminants, including arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, trichloro-ethylene, carbon tetrachloride, pesticides, dioxin, chlorodane, PCBs and chemical weapons residues.
Two rat experimental models were designed: (a) a chemical liver injury model induced by carbon tetrachloride, and (b) an ischemia-reperfusion liver injury model.
Patent for the Lava lamps states that the ``Lava'' component of the lamp consists of ``a solidified globule of mineral oil, with a light paraffin, carbon tetrachloride, a dye and paraffin wax.
The waste being dumped is said to be typically a dark mixture of contaminated solvents like carbon tetrachloride and acetone.