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Class name for the aldehydic or ketonic derivatives of polyhydric alcohols, the name being derived from the fact that the most common monomeric examples of such compounds have formulas that may be written as Cn(H2O)n (for example, glucose, C6(H2O)6); although they are not true hydrates and the name is, in that sense, a misnomer. The group includes compounds with relatively small molecules, such as the simple sugars (monosaccharides, disaccharides, etc.), as well as macromolecular (polymeric) substances such as starch, glycogen, and cellulose. The carbohydrates most typical of the class contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen only, but carbohydrate metabolic intermediates in tissues also contain phosphorus. See: saccharide.
food groupNutrition A family of foods in the diet. See Balanced diet, Essential dietary component, Food pyramid, Four food groups, Mineral, Vitamin.
Carbohydrates Bread, cereal, rice, oats, pastas
Citrus fruits Grapefruits, lemons, melon, oranges, papaya, strawberries, tomatoes
Dairy products Cheese, milk, yoghurt
Fats Butter, margarine, fish or vegetable oil, animal fat
Green/yellow vegetables Brussel sprouts, cabbage, carrots, celery, green beans, kale, spinach
High protein foods Eggs, fish, legumes, meat, nuts, poultry
Other fruits & vegetables Apples, bananas, grapes, pineapples; beets, potatoes
Yellow vegetables Carrots, corn, cauliflower
Class name for the aldehydic or ketonic derivatives of polyhydric alcohols. Most such compounds have formulas that may be written Cn(H2O)n, although they are not true hydrates. The group includes simple sugars (monosaccharides, disaccharides), as well as macromolecular (polymeric) substances such as starch, glycogen, and cellulose polysaccharides.
See also: saccharides
See also: saccharides
carbohydratesCompounds of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen forming an important part of the diet and contributing mainly energy. They include sugars, starches and celluloses and are structurally classified into three groups—monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides. Starches and celluloses are polysaccharides.
Compounds, such as cellulose, sugar, and starch, that contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and are a major part of the diets of people and other animals.
Mentioned in: Laxatives
carbohydratessaccharides Cn(H2O)n, e.g. glucose C6(H2O)6, sucrose C12(H2O)12; some are simple molecules (e.g. monosaccharides), others form complex macromolecules (e.g. glycogen)
Compound that includes simple sugars and macromolecular (polymeric) substances (e.g., starch, glycogen).
n.pl a group of organic compounds with the class name saccharides, which are the aldehydric or ketonic derivatives of polyhydric alcohols. Ones such as sugar, starch, cellulose, and gum are generally synthesized by green plants. They constitute the main energy source in the diet and are classified as mono-, di-, tri-, and polysaccharides.
Patient discussion about carbohydrates
Q. What are carbohydrates and where they are found and what is their nutritional value?
A. You got it.More discussions about carbohydrates