carbamoyl


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carbamoyl

 [kahr´bah-moil]
the radical NH2CO–.

car·ba·mo·yl

(kar'bă-mō-il),
The acyl radical, NH2-CO-, the transfer of which plays an important role in certain biochemical reactions, for example, in the urea cycle, via carbamoyl phosphate.

carbamoyl

/car·bam·o·yl/ (kahr-bam´o-il) the radical NH2CO—; see carbamoyltransferase.

car·bam·o·yl

(kahr-bam'ō-ĭl)
The acyl radical, NH2-CO-, the transfer of which plays an important role in certain biochemical reactions.
Synonym(s): carbamyl.

carbamoyl

the radical NH2−CO−.

carbamoyl phosphate synthetases
enzymes catalyzing the synthesis of carbamoyl phosphate. Carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I is the starting enzyme of the urea cycle. Carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase II is the starting enzyme of pyrimidine synthesis.
References in periodicals archive ?
1995) studied the expression of the enzymes involved in the enterocytes of birds (P-5-C synthetase, ornithine aminotransferase, and ornithine carbamoyltransferase), besides carbamoyl phosphatase synthetase, which gives the compound carbamoyl phosphate.
These include carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I (CPS I) deficiency, N-acetylglutamate synthetase (NAGS) deficiency, ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency, argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS) deficiency (which is also known as citrullinemia), argininosuccinate lyase (ASL) deficiency and arginase 1 deficiency (hyperargininemia).
A colorimetric assay based on the reactivity of carbamoyl groups with diacetylmonoxime may be used (22).
The following drugs were used: carbamoyl choline (carbachol), norepinephrine (NE), [N.
Therapeutic use: Carglumic acid (1), a structural analog of N-acetylglutamate (NAG), is an allosteric activator of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase 1 (CPS 1) in liver mitochondria.
With the aid of the allosteric activator N-acetylglutamate synthesized by NAGS, CPS1 catalyzes the transformation of ammonia to carbamoyl phosphate.