carbamate


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Related to carbamate: ammonium carbamate, Methyl carbamate

car·ba·mate

(kar'bă-māt),
1. A salt or ester of carbamic acid forming the basis of urethane hypnotics.
2. A group of cholinesterase-inhibiting insecticides resembling organophosphates, carbaril.
Synonym(s): carbamoate

carbamate

/car·ba·mate/ (kahr´bah-māt) any ester of carbamic acid.

carbamate

[kär′bəmāt]
any of a group of anticholinesterase enzymes that cause reversible inhibition of cholinesterase. They are used in certain medications and insecticides. Some carbamates are toxic and may cause convulsions and death through ingestion or skin contact. Atropine is a commonly recommended antidote.

car·ba·mate

(kahr'bă-māt)
1. A salt or ester of carbamic acid, forming the basis of urethane hypnotics.
See also: physostigmine
2. A class of compounds that reversibly inhibit the enzyme acetylcholinesterase. Some are used as insecticides, others as medicines. One, pyridostigmine, is a preexposure antidotal enhancer (often incorrectly called "pretreatment") against the nerve agent soman; another, physostigmine, is used as an antidote to anticholinergic incapacitating agents.
Synonym(s): carbamoate.

carbamate

a type of insecticide, related to the organophosphates, the first of which (carbaryl) was introduced in 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, in this work, we are exploring the use of PDMS oligomers terminated with hydroxylalkyl carbamate and dihydroxyalkyl carbamate groups to increase the compatibility between the polyurethane underlayer and PDMS top layer.
The steep pressure gradients inside the system indicate the potential for a highly dynamic system that depends on the mass flow rate of the heated fluid to sublimate the ammonia carbamate above 140[degrees]F.
Ethyl carbamate forms from reactions with barley when whisky is being distilled and has been proven to cause cancer in animals.
It found Laphroaig was the most contaminated with 239 micrograms of ethyl carbamate per litre compared to an average of 30 in younger whiskies.
The isotope-labeled carbon derives from the carboxylic group of carbamate salt.
Suspected foodborne carbamate pesticide intoxications associated with ingestion of hydrophonic cucumbers.
Key words: organophosphate, carbamate, anticholinergic toxicosis, cholinesterase, wildlife, avian
Furthermore, sequential hydrazinolysis of the carbamate substrate and treatment with a variety of aldehydes and ketones afforded the corresponding semicarbazone derivatives.
Global Markets Direct's, 'Organophosphate And Carbamate Poisoning - Pipeline Review, H2 2015', provides an overview of the Organophosphate And Carbamate Poisoning's therapeutic pipeline.
The current studies evaluated the effects of profenofos and carbofuran (commonly used organophosphate and carbamate insectcides) on cholinesterase activity in various organs of Catla catla viz.
A kit is ideal for broad class work because it provides a range of commonly used organochlorine, organonitrogen, organophosphorus and carbamate fungicides and insecticides, while still keeping the total number of analytes to a reasonable level.
Successful eradication efforts rely heavily on molluscicides (Simberloff 2003) particularly metaldehyde and carbamate formulations, supplemented with mechanical collection.