capture-recapture method

capture-recapture method

originally, a technique developed by biologists to track wild animal populations; now adapted for epidemiologic studies of elusive human populations (for example, prostitutes, teen runaways, injecting drug users).

capture-recapture method

a plan for epidemiological studies of health problems such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, substance abuse, or prostitution. The method provides for comparative analysis of data from various independent sources and adjusting for missing cases.

cap·ture-re·cap·ture meth·od

(kapchŭr-rēkap-chŭr methŏd)
At first, a technique developed by biologists to track wild animal populations; now adapted for epidemiologic studies of elusive human populations (e.g., prostitutes, teen runaways, injecting drug users).

capture-recapture method

a method of estimating the prevalence of a condition in a population. Initially used in populations of wild animals, which were captured, marked, released and recaptured, but the same statistical process is now used in other types of population.
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For striped hyena methods like questionnaire surveys, extrapolation, Lincoln index, identification of individuals and tracks, signs and vocalizations (Mills 1998) and capture-recapture method using photo camera trap (Karanth 1995) may be used.
extrapolation via multivariate indicator methods the nacda is seeking to update estimates from previous studies that used the capture-recapture method (nacd 2003; 2009) for calculating prevalence estimates in ireland.
Wildlife specialists explain spatial capture-recapture (SCR), also called spatially explicit capture-recapture (SECR), as a new approach that will revolutionize the century-old capture-recapture method of estimating the population density of wild animals.
Abuses of mathematical techniques in ecology: applications of Jolly's capture-recapture method.
The capture-recapture method of estimating the size of a target group provides the opportunity to obtain national estimates and thus determine the contribution of MSM to the burden of HIV in Nigeria.
Estimating the number of HIV-infected injection drug users in Bangkok: a capture-recapture method.
Use and limitations of the capture-recapture method in disease monitoring with two dependent sources.
The Prevalence Survey, Incidence study through capture-recapture method and Drug Prevalence Survey results should be out soon to outline the exact proportions of the burden.
Comparing data from this study to that from two studies conducted in 2008 in Karachi - "Police Reforms: Road Safety Karachi Report 2008" and"Estimation of Fatalities Due to Road Traffic Crashes in Karachi, Pakistan, Using Capture-Recapture Method.
The completeness of meningococcal disease reporting was estimated by the Sekar-Deming capture-recapture method (3) ([section]) (Table 2).
Many researchers have recently applied the capture-recapture method to estimate the size of unrecognized populations, such as IDUs and street-based female SWs (10-17).
The first is the importance of animal sentinels and the second is the potential of the capture-recapture method (CRM) (also called the mark-recapture method) for determining the number of homes with lead-based paint.