capsular pattern

capsular pattern

a series of limitations of joint movement when the joint capsule is a limiting structure. An example is the range in glenohumeral joints, from flexion as the least limited movement to external rotation as the most limited movement. It occurs only in synovial joints that are controlled by muscles and not in joints that depend primarily on ligamentous stability, such as the sacroiliac.

cap·su·lar pat·tern

(kap'sū-lăr pat'ĕrn)
The pattern of limitation in range of motion exhibited by specific joints when inflamed; for example, the glenohumeral joint shows more limitation in external rotation than in internal rotation whereas the knee joint shows more limitation in flexion than in extension.

capsular pattern

In a joint, the proportional loss or limitation of passive range of motion that suggests inflammation in that joint (e.g., the capsular pattern of the glenohumeral joint, in order of most restriction, is lateral rotation, abduction, and medial rotation).
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References in periodicals archive ?
Each articulation has its specific capsular pattern of limitation and the important patterns are outlined in Table I.
Scenario 4: Capsular pattern of limitation at shoulder.
A capsular pattern that implies articular pathologypresents as restriction of passive movement, where external rotation is affected more than abduction and internal rotation is the least affected (3).