capsula


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Related to capsula: capsula externa, capsula interna

capsule

 [kap´sul, kap´sūl]
1. an enclosing structure, as a soluble container enclosing a dose of medicine.
2. a cartilaginous, fatty, fibrous, or membranous structure enveloping another structure, organ, or part. adj., adj cap´sular.
 Capsule. Generalized structure of a synovial joint showing the joint or articular capsule. From Applegate, 2000.
articular capsule the saclike envelope that encloses the cavity of a synovial joint by attaching to the circumference of the articular end of each involved bone. Called also joint capsule.
adipose renal capsule the investment of fat surrounding the fibrous renal capsule, continuous at the hilus with the fat in the renal sinus.
bacterial capsule a gelatinous envelope surrounding a bacterial cell, usually polysaccharide but sometimes polypeptide in nature; it is associated with the virulence of pathogenic bacteria.
Bowman's capsule the globular dilatation forming the beginning of a renal tubule and surrounding the glomerulus. Called also glomerular capsule and malpighian capsule.
c's of the brain two layers of white matter in the substance of the brain; external capsule and internal capsule.
external capsule the layer of white fibers between the putamen and claustrum.
fibrous renal capsule the connective tissue investment of the kidney, which continues through the hilus to line the renal sinus.
Glisson's capsule a sheath of connective tissue accompanying the hepatic ducts and vessels through the hepatic portal. In hepatitis it may become stretched, which is a common cause of pain.
glomerular capsule Bowman's capsule.
capsule of heart pericardium.
internal capsule the fanlike mass of white fibers separating the lentiform nucleus laterally from the head of the caudate nucleus, the dorsal thalamus, and the tail of the caudate nucleus medially. The internal capsule carries both afferent and efferent fibers of the cerebral cortex.
joint capsule articular capsule.
capsule of lens the elastic sac enclosing the lens of the eye.
malpighian capsule Bowman's capsule.
capsule of pancreas a thin sheath of areolar tissue that invests the pancreas (but does not form a definite capsule), the septa of which extend into the gland and divide it into lobules.
renal c's the investing tissue around the kidney, divided into the fibrous renal capsule and the adipose renal capsule.
Tenon's capsule the connective tissue enveloping the posterior eyeball.

cap·sule (cap),

(kap'sūl),
1. A membranous anatomic structure, usually dense, irregular, collagenous connective tissue, which envelops an organ, a joint, or any other part resembling a capsule or envelope. Synonym(s): capsula [TA]
2. A fibrous tissue layer enveloping an organ or a tumor, especially if benign.
3. A solid dosage form in which a drug is enclosed in a hard or soft soluble container or "shell" of a suitable form of gelatin.
4. A hyaline polysaccharide coating around a fungal or bacterial cell. Bacteria may also have a polypeptide capsule or a slime layer around the cell.
[L. capsula, dim. of capsa, box]

capsula

/cap·su·la/ (kap´su-lah) pl. cap´sulae   [L.] capsule.

capsula

See capsule.

capsula

(1) Tunica externa; tunica adventitia [NA6].
(2) Capsule; capsula [NA6].

cap·su·la

, pl. capsulae (kap'sū-lă, -lē) [TA]
1. A membranous structure, usually dense collagenous connective tissue, that envelops an organ, a joint, or any other part.
2. An anatomic structure resembling a capsule or envelope.
Synonym(s): capsule (1) .
[L. dim. of capsa, a chest or box]

capsula

pl. capsulae [L.] capsule.
References in periodicals archive ?
Peso y tamano de las capsulas y las semillas: Las capsulas recolectadas se mantuvieron en refrigeracion dos o tres semanas antes de su caracterizacion.
Es importante saber diferenciar entre los sintomas dolorosos producidos por un neuroma de Morton y los signos inflamatorios de una sinovitis de la articulacion metatarsofalangica, en cualquiera de sus tres estadios, secundarios al dano de la capsula articular.
3]), i es el gradiente hidraulico, e el espesor de las paredes de la capsula (cm), t es el tiempo en que se colecta el agua en la probeta (h), AN la diferencia de altura entre el nivel del agua en el tanque a nivel constante y el extremo del conducto que entrega el agua a la capsula porosa (cm), Ai es el area interior y Ae el area exterior de la capsula, ambas en [cm.
Capsula cilindrica, 2,8-3,4 x 1-1,5 cm, hirsuta, rostrada, rostro de 3 mm; semillas ovoides, de 5 x 4 mm, concavo-convexas, verrugosas, rafe prominente.
Fran Hall, operations manager at Clandon Wood notes some practical objections to Capsula Mundi: 'How do the project designers propose that this 'old perfect shape' is carried, bearing in mind the average weight of a deceased person is around ten to 12 stone.
Fruto una capsula loculicida o circuncisil, orbicular a oblonga o elipsoidal, trilobada, redonda o trigona.
Es aconsejable alargar la separacion entre la toma de la capsula radioactiva y la dialisis el maximo tiempo posible para respetar las 72 horas de decaimiento radiologico.
O castanheiro pertence a familia Fagaceae, genero Castanea, produz frutos tipo capsula, conhecidos como ouricos que alojam, em seu interior, castanhas de alto valor comercial (CONEDERA et al.
De acordo com as mesmas portarias, depois da concessao da protese auditiva, a manutencao e de responsabilidade dos usuarios, que tem dispendio com pilhas, troca de moldes auriculares, troca de capsula e eventuais consertos.
Por su parte, James Chatters, coautor principal del trabajo "Late Pleistocene Human Skeleton and mtDNA Link Paleoamericans and Modern Native Americans", publicado en la revista Science el pasado 16 de mayo, ha referido que esa camara estuvo oculta y sellada por el agua los ultimos ocho mil anos y que "es una capsula de tiempo que ha conservado la informacion sobre el clima y la vida humana, animal y vegetal que existian al final de la ultima era de hielo".