capsula


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Related to capsula: capsula externa, capsula interna

capsule

 [kap´sul, kap´sūl]
1. an enclosing structure, as a soluble container enclosing a dose of medicine.
2. a cartilaginous, fatty, fibrous, or membranous structure enveloping another structure, organ, or part. adj., adj cap´sular.
 Capsule. Generalized structure of a synovial joint showing the joint or articular capsule. From Applegate, 2000.
articular capsule the saclike envelope that encloses the cavity of a synovial joint by attaching to the circumference of the articular end of each involved bone. Called also joint capsule.
adipose renal capsule the investment of fat surrounding the fibrous renal capsule, continuous at the hilus with the fat in the renal sinus.
bacterial capsule a gelatinous envelope surrounding a bacterial cell, usually polysaccharide but sometimes polypeptide in nature; it is associated with the virulence of pathogenic bacteria.
Bowman's capsule the globular dilatation forming the beginning of a renal tubule and surrounding the glomerulus. Called also glomerular capsule and malpighian capsule.
c's of the brain two layers of white matter in the substance of the brain; external capsule and internal capsule.
external capsule the layer of white fibers between the putamen and claustrum.
fibrous renal capsule the connective tissue investment of the kidney, which continues through the hilus to line the renal sinus.
Glisson's capsule a sheath of connective tissue accompanying the hepatic ducts and vessels through the hepatic portal. In hepatitis it may become stretched, which is a common cause of pain.
glomerular capsule Bowman's capsule.
capsule of heart pericardium.
internal capsule the fanlike mass of white fibers separating the lentiform nucleus laterally from the head of the caudate nucleus, the dorsal thalamus, and the tail of the caudate nucleus medially. The internal capsule carries both afferent and efferent fibers of the cerebral cortex.
joint capsule articular capsule.
capsule of lens the elastic sac enclosing the lens of the eye.
malpighian capsule Bowman's capsule.
capsule of pancreas a thin sheath of areolar tissue that invests the pancreas (but does not form a definite capsule), the septa of which extend into the gland and divide it into lobules.
renal c's the investing tissue around the kidney, divided into the fibrous renal capsule and the adipose renal capsule.
Tenon's capsule the connective tissue enveloping the posterior eyeball.

cap·sule (cap),

(kap'sūl),
1. A membranous anatomic structure, usually dense, irregular, collagenous connective tissue, which envelops an organ, a joint, or any other part resembling a capsule or envelope. Synonym(s): capsula [TA]
2. A fibrous tissue layer enveloping an organ or a tumor, especially if benign.
3. A solid dosage form in which a drug is enclosed in a hard or soft soluble container or "shell" of a suitable form of gelatin.
4. A hyaline polysaccharide coating around a fungal or bacterial cell. Bacteria may also have a polypeptide capsule or a slime layer around the cell.
[L. capsula, dim. of capsa, box]

capsula

/cap·su·la/ (kap´su-lah) pl. cap´sulae   [L.] capsule.

capsula

See capsule.

capsula

(1) Tunica externa; tunica adventitia [NA6].
(2) Capsule; capsula [NA6].

cap·su·la

, pl. capsulae (kap'sū-lă, -lē) [TA]
1. A membranous structure, usually dense collagenous connective tissue, that envelops an organ, a joint, or any other part.
2. An anatomic structure resembling a capsule or envelope.
Synonym(s): capsule (1) .
[L. dim. of capsa, a chest or box]

capsula

pl. capsulae [L.] capsule.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nello studio sono stati randomizzati i pazienti in due gruppi: il gruppo sperimentale comprendeva 50 pazienti ai quali e stato somministrato un protocollo riabilitativo che prevedeva mobilizzazioni passive in flessione e abduzione con trazione (allontanando i due capi articolari) e tensionamento della capsula inferiore, impacchi caldi, terapia fisica (ultrasuoni e diatermia) ed esercizi di stretching a casa; il gruppo controllo era formato da 50 pazienti e prevedeva lo stesso protocollo d'applicazione con la differenza che le mobilizzazioni venivano eseguite in modo tradizionale, senza applicare trazione.
a) Nervios ++ Hipofisis Adenohipofisis +++ nd nd Neurohipofisis + Adrenal Capsula +++ nd nd Corteza: zona glomerular + zona intermedia +++ zona fascicular ++ zona reticular + Medula: endotelio de capilares + nd: no disponible.
O estagio larval apresentou um periodo medio de 34,87 dias e 7 instares, sendo cada estagio separado pela largura da capsula cefalica, a qual aumentou a cada instar numa razao de 1,28.
Renales: el deposito de Gb3 en las celulas epiteliales y endoteliales de la capsula de Bowman y en las celulas epiteliales de los tubulos contorneados distales del Asa de Henle provoca proteinuria y disminucion de la funcion renal.
Em uma capsula, semelhanca demasiada, comunicacao impossivel; diferenca em excesso, idem.
La patologia presenta alterazioni anatomo patologiche le cui prime manifestazioni consistono nel valgismo ed antiversione del collo femorale, nella ipoplasia dell'acetabolo, incompletamente formato e molto obliquo, circondato da un cercine cotiloideo irregolare, che assume la forma del "neolimbus" e da una capsula articolare piu lassa.
Tales disfunciones son compatibles con el bloqueo de la luz tubular y con la separacion de las capas parietal y visceral de la capsula de Bowman anteriormente descriptas.
Dicho microorganismo se presento como multiples estructuras circulares, de aproximadamente 3 [micron]m de diametro, conformadas por una rigida pared celular y un espacio claro producto de la retraccion del protoplasma que se produce durante la fijacion y que brinda la impresion erronea de una capsula sin colorear.
6,6'-Dibromoindigotin en capsulas de embriones de Concholepas concholepas (Bruguiere, 1789).
Sin embargo, este no es el caso en Norte America donde el cafe tostado ha permanecido en el corazon de los consumidores por muchos anos y en donde la comodidad ha llegado en la forma de capsulas y pods.
2001), sao capsulas tricocas, geralmente compostos de tres sementes, podendo ser lisas ou com estruturas semelhantes a espinhos, denominadas acUleos.