15) A case of canine leishmaniasis
was recently diagnosed at the Joint Base LewisMcChord Veterinary Center in Washington state.
Seasonal phenology, host-blood feeding preferences and natural Leishmania infection of Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera : Psychodidae) in a high-endemic focus of canine leishmaniasis
in Rome province, Italy.
At least 31 cases of canine leishmaniasis
were diagnosed by veterinary clinics in Jura during 2007-2011.
A retrospective clinical study of canine leishmaniasis
in 150 dogs naturally infected by Leishmania infantum.
Isoenzymatic characterization of the etiologic agent of canine leishmaniasis
in the Granada region of southern Spain.
A canine leishmaniasis
pilot survey in an emerging focus of visceral leishmaniasis: Posadas (Misiones, Argentina).
In a canine leishmaniasis
seroepidemiological survey performed in Loule in the 1990s, a prevalence of 7% was found (4).
In Japan, 2 cases of imported canine leishmaniasis
have been documented in dogs from Spain (2,3).
Because long-term quality data on leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum and its vector (3-9) are available for the Alpujarras region of southeastern Spain (Figure 1), this is an ideal area for studying changes in the prevalence of canine leishmaniasis
in a changing environment.
Miltefosine, one of the few available antileishmania drugs, has been recently launched in the market for canine leishmaniasis
treatment in Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, and Cyprus.
2%) of canine leishmaniasis
was found, despite use of conventional tests only.
The recent report of an effective vaccine for canine leishmaniasis
(20) suggests an additional tool to prevent and eliminate this infection in North America, although further research is necessary to define its role in a prevention strategy.