cancrum oris


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cancrum

 [kang´krum] (L.)
cancrum o´ris see noma.
cancrum puden´di see noma.

no·ma

(nō'mă),
A gangrenous stomatitis, usually beginning in the mucous membrane of the corner of the mouth or cheek, and then progressing fairly rapidly to involve the entire thickness of the lips or cheek (or both), with conspicuous necrosis and complete sloughing of tissue; usually observed in poorly nourished children and debilitated adults, especially in poorer socioeconomic groups, and frequently preceded by another disease, for example, kala azar, dysentery, or scarlet fever. A similar process (n. pudendi, noma vulvae) also may involve the labia majora. Several organisms are usually found in the necrotic material, but fusiform bacilli, Borrelia organisms, staphylococci, and anaerobic streptococci are most frequently observed.
[G. nomē, a spreading (sore)]

cancrum oris

An opportunistic infection affecting grossly malnourished and neglected children. The peak age incidence is 1 to 4. Gum inflammation (gingivitis) proceeds to ulceration and progressive tissue death (gangrene) around the mouth until large areas of both cheeks and nose are eaten away, leaving the cavities of the mouth and nose exposed. Treated early, it responds well to antibiotics. Also known as noma.

no·ma

(nō'mă)
Gangrenous stomatitis, usually beginning in mucous membrane of corner of mouth or cheek, then progressing fairly rapidly to involve entire thickness of lips or cheek (or both), with conspicuous necrosis and complete sloughing of tissue; usually observed in poorly nourished children and debilitated adults, especially in poorer socioeconomic groups, and frequently preceded by another disease, e.g., kala azar, dysentery, or scarlet fever.
Synonym(s): cancrum oris.
[G. nomē, a spreading (sore)]

cancrum oris (kang´krəm ôr´is),

n See noma.
Candida albicans
n.pr a budding, yeastlike fungus present in the normal flora of the mucous membrane of the female genital tract and respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts (including the oral cavity) that is capable of assuming a pathogenic role in the production of oral and systemic moniliasis, such as thrush and monilial infection.