This is the first report of a calvarial
osteosarcoma in a powerful owl.
Low-energy laser irradiation stimulates bone nodule formation at early stages of cell culture in rat calvarial
Surgical techniques of Fronto-orbital advancement and reconstruction, total calvarial
remodelling and box flap were used on 18(40%), 18(40%) and 9(20%) patients, respectively.
Thickening of the calvarial
bones, especially the left squamous of the temporal bone was also noted.
Osteoconductive effects of calcium phosphate glass cement grafts in rabbit calvarial
Free flap options for reconstruction of complicated scalp and calvarial
defects: report of a series of cases and literature review.
showed bone regeneration in a rat calvarial
critical-size defect for a CS-PRP group, but no bone regeneration was observed in the CS and PRP groups.
For osteoblastic differentiation, MC3T3-E1 calvarial
cells were cultured in [alpha]-MEM (Gibco BRL, Carlsbad, CA, USA), whereas C2C12 cells were cultured in DMEM (Gibco BRL) containing BMP-2 (100 ng/mL).
Martin, "Insulinlike growth factor 1 regulates mRNA levels of osteonectin and Pro-a1(I)-collagen in clonal preosteoblastic calvarial
cells," Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol.
The large calvarial
defects make these patients vulnerable to a number of complications like sinking flap syndrome18.
Sloan (2001) The Effect of Streptozotocin-Induced Experimental Diabetes Mellitus on Calvarial
Defect Healing and Bone Turnover in the Rat.
tuberculosis: rare complication of tuberculous mastoiditis.