calmative

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sedative

 [sed´ah-tiv]
1. allaying irritability, excitement, or nervousness.
2. an agent that does this. The usual mode of action is depression of the central nervous system, which tends to cause lassitude and reduced mental activity. Sedatives are distinct from tranquilizers, which also have a calming effect but unlike sedatives usually do not suppress bodily reactions. Sedatives may be classified according to the organ most affected, such as cardiac, gastric, and so on. Called also calmative.



The degree of relaxation produced varies with the kind of sedative, the dose, the means of administration, and the mental state of the patient. By causing relaxation, a sedative may help a patient go to sleep, but it does not put him to sleep. Medicines that induce sleep are known as hypnotics (some drugs act as sedatives in small amounts and as hypnotics in large amounts). The barbiturates, such as phenobarbital, are the best known sedatives and are also widely used as hypnotics. Other effective sedatives include paraldehyde and chloral hydrate. Sedatives are useful in the treatment of any condition in which rest and relaxation are important to recovery. Some sedatives are also useful in treatment of convulsive disorders or epilepsy and in counteracting the effect of convulsion-producing drugs. They are used to calm patients before childbirth or surgery. Restlessness in invalids, profound grief in adults, and overexcitement in children can be controlled by medically supervised sedation. Because many sedatives are habit-forming, they should be used with caution.

calm·a·tive

(kahl'mă-tiv),
Calming, quieting; allaying excitement; denoting such an agent.

calmative

(kä′mə-tĭv, kăl′mə-)
adj.
Having relaxing or pacifying properties; sedative.
n.
A sedative.

calmative

[kä′mətiv]
having a calming or quieting effect.
An agent used to control and/or sedate an unruly or hostile group of people, or used in a hostage situation

calm·a·tive

(kawl'mă-tiv)
A substance that produces a sedative or tranquilizing effect.

calmative,

n a substance that gently induces rest.

calmative

1. sedative; allaying excitement.
2. an agent having such effects.
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References in periodicals archive ?
L'objectif serait donc la complete guerison et non pas uniquement l'utilisation des calmants dont l'effet n'est que temporaire.
Ils estiment que seuls des calmants leur sont donnes par les autorites pour eviter une escalade de leurs mouvements de protestations.
On essayait simplement d'apporter les calmants necessaires, pour apaiser la tension des petites gens de ce quartier de huit mille habitants.
C'est un melange d'heroine et de calmants dissous dans du jus de citron.
Grace a toute une batterie de calmants, on s'organise pour que le mourant fasse le mort.
Il faut reconnaitre que les problemes confrontes par le pays sur les plans politique et de developpement ont ete longtemps negliges , ou on leur a propose des solutions impropres , et celles qui devraient apporter des reponses radicales , n'ont donne lieu , le plus souvent , qu'a des ebauches de solutions ou a des calmants qui se sont transformes en problemes a leur tour .
Aujourd'hui, la rage est plus que subordonnante et les calmants n'ont plus d'effet; au contraire, ils irritent davantage une population qui crie depuis longtemps "ca suffit", mais personne ne semble entendre.
Il est bien vrai que ce sont des antalgiques, des calmants ou encore des anti-inflammatoires ou le lait bebe qui "ne repondent plus a la demande".
Nous ne voulons plus de calmants Une planification globale pour l'hebergement des Nubiens est aussi a l'etude et serait bientot concretisee, tout en permettant aux Nubiens d'y prendre part.
Puis viennent le haschisch, la morphine et ses derives, ou encore les calmants, et les dopants qui sont aussi des noms brillants dans ce monde.