The results of our prospective randomized study suggest that the infiltration of prilocaine 2% near the nephrostomy tract is effective in the acute management of pain after a lower caliceal
puncture during PCNL.
An intercostal approach was performed in 12 patients for whom upper caliceal
access was required.
Anatomic predictors of formation of lower caliceal
calculi: is it the time for three-dimensional computed tomography urography?
Excretory urography may demonstrate caliceal
distortion, caliectasis and a non-functioning kidney, possibly caused by the mass effect of cystic lesions.
The efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for isolated lower pole calculi compared with isolated middle and upper caliceal
Endoscopic management of symptomatic caliceal
diverticula: a retrospective comparison of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy and ureteroscopy.
There were dilatations in proximal ureter secondary to right ureter stone, enlargement in right renal pelvis and grade 2-3 ectasia in caliceal
3) In a variety of situations other than obstructive uropathy, such as in the normal variants, with excessive hydration, during diuretic treatment, in case of bladder overdistension, with the structural variations (extrarenal pelvis, caliceal