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Related to calf: golden calf


 [soo´ra] (L.)
calf. adj., adj su´ral.


, pl.


(kaf, kavz),
1. A young bovine animal, male or female. Synonym(s): sura
2. The posterior prominence of the leg, caused by the underlying triceps surae muscles (lateral and medial heads of gastrocnemius and soleus).
[Gael. kalpa]


(kaf) sura; the fleshy back part of the leg below the knee.

calf 1

(kăf, käf)
n. pl. calves (kăvz, kävz)
a. A young cow or bull.
b. One of the young of certain other mammals, such as moose, elephants, or whales.

calf 2

(kăf, käf)
n. pl. calves (kăvz, kävz)
The fleshy muscular back part of the human leg between the knee and ankle.


pl. calves
Etymology: ONorse, kalfi
the fleshy mass at the back of the leg below the knee, composed chiefly of the gastrocnemius muscle.


The fleshy part of the posterior lower leg, which is composed primarily of gastrocnemius muscle.
Veterinary medicine
A young cow from birth until it is weaned.

su·ral re·gion

(sūr'ăl rē'jŭn) [TA]
The muscular swelling of the back of the leg below the knee, formed chiefly by the bellies of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles.
Synonym(s): calf.
Figure 1: The autonomic nervous system. Actions on the heart and on smooth muscle. Sympathetic actions on the left and parasympathetic actions on the right. Solid arrows: stimulation (contraction or secretion); broken arrows: inhibition.


the twin 'bellies' of the gastrocnemius are prominent in the upper half of the calf, e.g. when standing on tip-toe; this and the flatter soleus in front of it (known together as the triceps surae ) form the main bulk of the calf muscles; their tendons join to attach to the calcaneum via the Achilles tendon. Accessory to the gastrocnemius is the plantaris . Deeper muscles include the flexors of the toes, with long tendons passing into the foot. See Figure 1.


large muscle mass at the posterior aspect of the lower leg


1. bovine young less than one year old.
2. young of other species including elephant, larger deer, e.g. red, Japanese sika, wapiti, elk, moose, reindeer, and also pinnipeds and cetaceans.
3. in dogs refers to the region of the hindlimb between the stifle and the hock.

bull calf
male entire bovine under one year of age.
calf crop
the group of calves born to a herd of cows during one breeding season.
calf crop percentage
the percentage of calves born to the cows bred or exposed to breeding bulls.
calf diarrhea
fetal calf
includes unborn and stillborn calves. Can be identified by the presence of atelectasis of the entire lungs, patency of the umbilical vessels which also contain unclotted blood, sodden quality of the skin, high water and nil fat content of the tissues, absence of milk from the gut. Called also slink. See also slink calves.
calf puller
see fetal extractor.
calf starter
artificial feeding of calves includes liquid milk replacer and dry calf starter, the latter being provided from about one week of age. At 3 to 6 weeks the calf is able to exist solely on starter and the milk replacer or milk can be discontinued. Calf starters vary a great deal in composition, quality and price. They need to have a high digestibility coefficient, a high energy content and at least 18% crude protein.
with calf
a pregnant cow.

Patient discussion about calf

Q. I have just developed a pain in my calf - feels like it clicks when I walk, and is a sharp pain I first noticed this problem this morning. As I stepped out of my car, I felt a sharp pain in my left calf, and it has gone worse as the day has gone on. No pain until I walk.

A. as i think of it- fatman's answer seems more logical. but usually people can tell the difference between strained muscle and other stuff. if it was just a pulled muscle he would have thought of it and naturally massage the area. no?

More discussions about calf
References in classic literature ?
Yesterday, when I was leading back the calf which you refused to sacrifice, I noticed that she smiled, and then directly afterwards began to cry.
Father," she answered, "this calf is the son of our master.
One is that you will give him to me for a husband, and the other is that you will let me punish the woman who changed him into a calf.
The procedure is easiest when the calf is lying on his side.
The calf weighs 60-70 pounds and looks healthy and active.
The lack of similar data in buffalo calves is critical because of the effect of FPT and colostrum management strategies on calf morbidity rate (Lombardi et al.
It was the highest price ever for a cow and calf at Ruthin.
This is the most streamlined profile so is the easiest way for the calf to be born.
Veterinary officers from the local government interviewed farmers in November and December 2006 and requested that they complete a questionnaire on fanning practices in 1996, including herd size and use of milk replacers and calf concentrates.
Some scientists believe that the dangling limbs are remnants of a twin calf that never fully developed, says Alison Van Eenennaam, an animal geneticist at the University of California-Davis.
The Calf Club was formed to encourage skills in the younger generation of farming families in the Ansley area.
These behaviors, well-timed to the moment of labor, increase the probability of newborn calf survival, therefore, they are useful for the species.