calcific tendinitis

(redirected from calcifying tendonitis)

calcific tendinitis

Etymology: L, calx, lime, facere, to make, tendo, tendon; Gk, itis, inflammation
a chronic inflammation of a tendon resulting from an accumulation of calcium deposits in the tissue.

calcific tendinitis

Inflammation of a tendon accompanied by focal calcium deposits, especially common in the supraspinatus tendon of shoulder joint.

Clinical findings
Pain, decreased range of motion.

Management
Diet—calcium restriction, magnesium supplementation; extracorporeal shock wave therapy; analgesics/NSAIDs; physical therapy—electroanalgesia, ice therapy, heat; ultrasound (uncertain efficacy), iontophoresis (uncertain efficacy), injections, needling and lavage (75% response rate); corticosteroid injections (useful if shoulder is acutely inflamed); removal of deposits by open or arthroscopic procedures yields a 90% response rate.

cal·cif·ic ten·din·i·tis

(kal-sif'ik ten'din-ī'tis)
Chronic tendinitis with formation of mineral deposits in and around the tendon.

calcific tendinitis

An inflammatory disorder of the rotator cuff tendons involving calcification most commonly close to the insertion of the supraspinatus tendon on the greater tuberosity of the humerus. About half of those with the disorder suffer shoulder pain and limitation of movement at the shoulder. The condition is self-limiting but recovery can be hastened by ultrasound treatment.
References in periodicals archive ?
A sampling of the topics covered in 18 chapters of the second volume are the rotator cuff, shoulder arthroscopy (this is the largest chapter of the text, extending for over 100 pages), glenohumeral arthritis and its management; calcifying tendonitis, the biceps tendon, nerve problems about the shoulder, muscle ruptures affecting the shoulder girdle, the shoulder in athletes, occupational shoulder disorders, tumors and related conditions, amputations and prosthetic replacement, and emerging technologies in shoulder surgery.
Ludger Gerdesmeyer of the Technical University Munich (Germany) and associates randomized 144 patients with chronic calcifying tendonitis of the rotator cuff to high-energy ESWT, low-energy ESWT, or a sham procedure.
Shock wave therapy, which has been used for kidney stones for 10-15 years, has become popular in Europe for orthopedic conditions such as calcaneus spurs, calcifying tendonitis, epicondylitis, and soft tissue disorders.