Cullen, 25, will undergo surgery to have his cartilage tidied up and bits of calcified cartilage
removed, leaving him unavailable for the Tests against Samoa, Argentina and France.
9) The debridement should include resection of all unstable cartilage back to a stable rim, with abrasion of exposed calcified cartilage
Finally, the calcified cartilage
zone, the region just below the tidemark, has few cells with low metabolic activity.
For the surgical procedure, the lesion must be prepared with resection back to stable edges of articular cartilage and removal of the calcified cartilage
layer in the base of the exposed area.