cadmium poisoning


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cadmium poisoning

poisoning resulting from the inhalation of cadmium in fumes created by welding, smelting, or other industrial processes involving solder. Cadmium bromide, used in engraving, lithography, and photography, can cause severe GI symptoms if swallowed. Cadmium may also cause poisoning by the ingestion of acidic foods prepared and stored in cadmium-lined containers, as lemonade in certain metal cans. The effects may include vomiting, dyspnea, headache, prostration, pulmonary edema, and, possibly, years later, cancer.

cadmium poisoning

A condition associated with industrial exposure; cadmium poisoning occurred in Japan due to contamination of drinking water by mining runoffs, resulting in itai-itai (“ouch-ouch”) disease, possibly hypertension.
 
Clinical findings
Renal tubule disfunction (aminoaciduria), glucosuria, hyperphosphatemia, hepatic fibrosis, emphysema and COPD, osteomalacia accompanied by bone pain.

Daily intake
40 µg/day, primarily from food.

Total body burden
± 30 mg.
 
Absorption
Gastrointestinal tract 5%; lungs 80%.

Specimen
Serum in tan top tube.

Method
Spectrophotometry.

cadmium poisoning

Toxicology A condition associated with industrial exposure to cadmium Clinical renal tubule disfunction–aminoaciduria, glucosuria, hyperphosphatemia, hepatic fibrosis, emphysema and COPD, osteomalacia accompanied by bone pain. See Cadmium, Itai-itai disease, Toxic metal.
References in periodicals archive ?
A Russian banker, Ivan Kivelidi, died of cadmium poisoning in 1995.
Experimental reproduction of Itai-Itai disease, a chronic cadmium poisoning of humans, in rats and monkeys.
Okuda B, Iwamoto Y, Tachibana H, Sugita M (1997) Parkinsonism after acute cadmium poisoning.
An investigation and pathological analysis of two fatal cases of cadmium poisoning.
Succimer (dimercaptosuccinic acid; DMSA) has been used for lead, arsenic, mercury and cadmium poisoning.
BEIJING -- At least 26 villagers have died from cadmium poisoning and hundreds more fallen ill since 2009 near a disused factory in central China, local media said Wednesday, underscoring the country's mounting pollution challenge.
Severe cadmium poisoning is known to cause substantial renal impairment, nausea, liver damage with increased liver enzymes, pulmonary impairment in cases of inhalation, hemolytic anemia, and thrombosis (3, 4, 6, 7).
Mercury is a stable, unnecessary heavy metal with high toxicity and without biological variability remained persistent during the transition from different trophic levels in food chain through bioaccumulation processes [47]Nowadays, mercury and cadmium poisoning incident through fish and shellfish in Minamata (Japan), caused intensified researched in case of heavy metals accumulation in aquatic ecosystems [4,24,25,42].
At present there is limited experience with the use of chelating agents, such as calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (calcium EDTA), in treating acute or chronic cadmium poisoning in humans (54).
A cadmium-plated refrigerator shelf which was used as a barbecue grill for the first time apparently caused cadmium poisoning in a family in Syracuse, New York.
So far, there have been no reports of cadmium poisoning due to drinking polluted water.