cadmium


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Related to cadmium: Cadmium chloride, Cadmium oxide, Cadmium Plating, Cadmium poisoning

cadmium

 (Cd) [kad´me-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 48. (See Appendix 6.) Inhalation of cadmium fumes causes pulmonary edema with proliferative interstitial pneumonia and various degrees of lung damage. Cadmium poisoning may occur due to occupational exposure, smoking, and ingestion of certain foods (kidneys and livers; seafoods such as mussels, oysters, and crabs; and some grains). Maternal cadmium exposure can cause abnormal embryonic development by interfering with normal zinc ion metabolic activities.

cad·mi·um (Cd),

(kad'mē-ŭm),
A metallic element, atomic no. 48, atomic wt. 112.411; its salts are poisonous and little used in medicine but are frequently used in the basic sciences. Various compounds of cadmium are used commercially in metallurgy, photography, and electrochemistry; a few have been used as ascaricides, antiseptics, and fungicides.
[L. cadmia, fr. G. kadmeia or kadmia, an ore of zinc, calamine]

cadmium

/cad·mi·um/ (Cd) (kad´me-um) a chemical element, at. no. 48. Cadmium and its salts are poisonous; inhalation of cadmium fumes or dust causes pneumoconiosis, and ingestion of foods contaminated by cadmium-plated containers causes violent gastrointestinal symptoms.

cadmium (Cd)

[kad′mē·əm]
(Cd)
Etymology: Gk, kadmeia, zinc ore
, a metallic bluish white element that resembles tin. Its atomic number is 48; its atomic mass is 112.40. Cadmium has many uses in industry and was formerly included in medications. Such medications have been replaced by less toxic drugs. See also cadmium poisoning.

cadmium

A toxic divalent metallic element (atomic number 48, atomic weight 112.411), which is ubiquitous in nature and central to many industrial processes. Most cadmium is used for rechargeable batteries; it is also used in electroplating, nuclear fission, TV tubes, photocopier drums and paint pigments (yellow and red). It has no known physiologic role in higher animals.

Ref range
0–5.0 µg/L.
 
Toxic range
> 100 µg/L.

cad·mi·um

(Cd) (kad'mē-ŭm)
A metallicelement, atomic no. 48, atomic wt. 112.411; its salts are poisonous and little used in medicine. Various compounds of cadmium are used commercially in fields such as metallurgy, photography, and electrochemistry; a few have been used as ascaricides, antiseptics, and fungicides.
[L. cadmia, fr. G. kadmeia or kadmia, an ore of zinc, calamine]

cadmium

A poisonous metal sometimes encountered as an air pollutant in industrial processes. Inhaled cadmium dust can cause lung inflammation. Cadmium is also damaging to the kidneys and can cause softening of the bones (OSTEOMALACIA).

cadmium,

n a toxic metal that is found in cigarette smoke, industrial waste, paints, and plastics. Exposure has been linked to cancer, hypertension, and lowered activity of specific enzymes.
cadmium iodatum (kadˑ·mē·m ī·ō·dāˑ·tm),
n a homeopathic preparation of cadmium used to alleviate the symptoms associated with radiation treatments.
cadmium sulphuricum (kadˑ·mē·m sl·fyurˑ·i·km),
n a homeopathic preparation of cadmium used to alleviate facial paralysis, Bell's palsy, nausea, vomiting, and the symptoms associated with chemotherapy.

cad·mi·um

(kad'mē-ŭm)
Metallic element; its salts are poisonous and little used in medicine but are frequently employed in the basic sciences.
[L. cadmia, fr. G. kadmeia or kadmia, an ore of zinc, calamine]

cadmium (Cd) (kad´mēəm),

n a bluish-white metallic element that resembles tin. Cadmium bromide, used in engraving, lithography, and photography, can cause severe gastrointestinal symptoms if ingested.

cadmium

chemical element, atomic number 48, symbol Cd; its salts are poisonous. See Table 6. Poisoning in animals may be caused by aerial pollution of pastures or by accidental ingestion of fungicides or anthelmintics which contain the element. Nephropathy, anemia, bone demineralization and poor hair, skin and hoof growth result.

cadmium anthranilate
no longer widely used as an anthelmintic for pigs because of its toxicity.
cadmium chloride
causes bleaching of teeth, anemia, cardiac hypertrophy and bone marrow hyperplasia.
cadmium oxide
a toxic compound used at one time as an anthelmintic for pigs.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Commission's decision to re-evaluate the cadmium quantum dots exemption therefore makes no sense - which is why we engaged with the Petitions Committee.
Furthermore, cadmium results in the release of hydrogen superoxide from anions and peroxide of hydroxide radicals in vivo (7).
Similarly, cadmium compounds such as cadmium sulfide and cadmium selenide were-and still are--used to produce yellow and orange hues in plastics (Rangos, 2003; Vonkeman, Thornton, & Makuch, 2001).
Results suggested that growth and survival may not be good indicators of dietary cadmium toxicity in parrotfish over a relatively short period of time and with moderate concentrations of cadmium in diets in parrotfish.
If you do accidentally inhale or get cadmium on your skin, follow the emergency procedures in FM 4-25.
The increase of adsorption of lead and cadmium ions with increasing adsorbent concentration was due to the availability of a larger surface area of the adsorbent for adsorption.
After the 96-h period of cadmium exposure, the animals were opened by cutting the adductor muscles, and digestive gland tissue was removed and homogenized in ice-cold buffer consisting of 50 mM N-(2-hydroxyethyl) piperazine-N'-(2-ethanesulfonic acid) (HEPES) and 500 mM NaCl, with a of pH 7.
The study for the first time have suggested a genetic explanation for the association found between long term exposure to low levels of cadmium and women's cancer risk.
They estimated the dietary cadmium exposure using a food frequency questionnaire.
Cadmium is a carcinogenic chemical mostly found in industrial effluents.
Cadmium concentrations were also measured in postmortem formalin-fixed tissue sections embedded in paraffin blocks.