burst fracture


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burst fracture

Etymology: ME, bersten + L, fractura, break
any fracture that disperses multiple bone fragments, usually at or near the end of a bone. It frequently occurs in a vertebra.
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Burst fracture of the third lumbar vertebra
A traumatic injury caused by high-energy axial loading due to falls from heights or MVAs/RTAs, resulting in vertebral body fractures which may shatter from the force, resulting in an unstable spinal cord with a high risk of paralysis below the region of the fracture
Diagnosis CT, MRI, neurosurgical consultation
Management Clear bone from region, spinal fusion, rehabilitation

com·pres·sion frac·ture

(kŏm-presh'ŭn frak'shŭr)
Breakage causing loss of height of the vertebral body either by trauma or by pathology. It occurs most commonly in thoracic and lumbar spines. A common sequela of osteoporosis.
Synonym(s): burst fracture.

burst fracture

A vertebral fracture similar to a compression fracture but typically more severe and involving displacement of the bony fragments.
See: compression fracture
See also: fracture
References in periodicals archive ?
The objective was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcome of cases with thoracolumbar burst fracture and to help spine surgeons in preoperative decision-making.
Nonoperative management of stable thoracolumbar burst fractures with early ambulation and bracing.
The management of thoracolumbar burst fractures is continually changing with advances in technology.
Seizure-induced lumbar burst fracture associated with conus medullaris-cauda equina compression.
Mcafee's classification of thoracolumbar injuries were used and fractures divided into wedge fractures, burst fractures, fractures subluxation, translational injuries and distraction injuries.
Caring for a patient who has bowel, bladder, and sexual dysfunction after a lumbar burst fracture is complex.
Table 3 The Use of CT in Evaluating Spinal Injuries[9] Spinal injuries for which CT is indicated: * Flexion teardrop fracture * Unilateral interfacetal dislocation * Unilateral interfacetal fracture-dislocation * Pillar fracture * Jefferson bursting fracture, atlas * Burst fracture, lower cervical spine * Laminar fracture * Hyperextension fracture-dislocation Spinal injuries for which CT is not indicated: * Anterior subluxation (hyperflexion sprain) * Bilateral interfacetal dislocation * Simple wedge (compression) fracture * Clay shoveler's fracture * Hyperextension dislocation * Extension teardrop fracture * Avulsion fracture of the anterior tubercle of the atlas * Posterior arch of the atlas (isolated fracture) * Traumatic spondylolisthesis * Dens fractures
While the anterior-posterior open mouth image (Figure 1) was read as normal except for general osteopenia, a burst fracture of C4 vertebrae was visualized on the remaining images (Figures 2 & 3).
He suffered a burst fracture to his cervical vertebrae, known as "a hangman's break".
5%) Table 3: SKELETAL INJURIES IN CERVICAL SPINE Hyper-flexion sprain 5 Flexion compression fracture 3 Flexion tear-drop fracture 1 Bilateral facet dislocation 15 Unilateral facet dislocation 6 Burst fracture 1 Posterior element fractures 5 Table 4: SKELETAL INJURIES IN DORSAL SPINE 1 Wedge compression fracture 7 Burst fracture 6 Posterior element fractures 2 Subluxations/dislocations 4 Table 5: SKELETAL INJURIES IN LUMBAR SPINE Wedge compression fracture 11 Burst fracture 7 Posterior element fractures 3 Table 6: CORD INJURIES TYPE CERVICAL DORSAL LUMBAR TOTAL SCIWORA 9 - - 9 (7.
We present a case of pulmonary embolism which occurred after a single-stage combined anterior and posterior approach surgery for L2 burst fracture.