burst


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burst

(berst),
A sudden increase in activity.

burst

to break suddenly while under tension or expansion.

burst

Biochemistry
An abrupt onset of a reaction.
 
Cardiology
See Burst pacing.
 
Gastroenterology
A series or cluster of phasic contractions of the GI tract of = 2 minutes, rarely associated with propagation but sometimes with tonic changes in baseline pressure.
 
Imaging
A type of MRI which allows imaging of the entire brain in 2 seconds, which detects areas of decreased blood flow that may correspond to neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, and thus is of potential use as a diagnostic tool for Alzheimer’s disease.

Immunology
A synonym for an aggregate of progenitor cell colonies in the bone marrow.

Pulmonology
See Respiratory burst.
 
Virology
The rupture of a host cell filled with viral progeny.

burst

(bŭrst)
1. To rupture or explode.
2. The act or result of bursting.
References in classic literature ?
After her first burst of disappointment Joan began to take the mishap as she had taken Tess's original trouble, as she would have taken a wet holiday or failure in the potato-crop; as a thing which had come upon them irrespective of desert or folly; a chance external impingement to be borne with; not a lesson.
Soon the blood burst forth, and could be seen trickling in a thousand threads down the hunchback's black shoulders; and the slender thongs, in their rotatory motion which rent the air, sprinkled drops of it upon the crowd.
At this idea, he burst out laughing all at once, in quite unaffected mirth, and without giving any explanation.
He chuckled over the discovery of the remarkable similarity between the sheep-dog and himself, and the sheep and the public--and then burst upon Isabel with a second question.
Her first burst of courage had already worn itself out.
Unwilling to lose his filberts, and yet unable to withdraw his hand, he burst into tears and bitterly lamented his disappointment.
Instead of answering, he burst into a fit of laughter--loud, coarse, hard laughter, so utterly unlike any sound I had ever yet heard issue from his lips, so strangely and shockingly foreign to his character as
But Athena sprang quickly from the immortal head and stood before Zeus who holds the aegis, shaking a sharp spear: great Olympus began to reel horribly at the might of the bright-eyed goddess, and earth round about cried fearfully, and the sea was moved and tossed with dark waves, while foam burst forth suddenly: the bright Son of Hyperion stopped his swift-footed horses a long while, until the maiden Pallas Athene had stripped the heavenly armour from her immortal shoulders.
The thatched roofs fell over the fires, and flames burst forth in all parts.
A hunter told me that he once saw a fox pursued by hounds burst out on to Walden when the ice was covered with shallow puddles, run part way across, and then return to the same shore.
Huntingdon and his guests had been particularly provoking and insulting to me in their encouragement of him, and I particularly anxious to get him out of the room, and on the very point of demeaning myself by a burst of uncontrollable passion - Mr.
Turlington struck his hand excitedly on the table, and burst out on a sudden with the answer which had been so strangely delayed.