bupivacaine


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Related to bupivacaine: lidocaine

bupivacaine

 [bu-piv´ah-kān]
a local anesthetic, used as the hydrochloride for local infiltration, peripheral nerve block, and retrobulbar, subarachnoid, sympathetic, caudal, or epidural block.

bupivacaine

/bu·piv·a·caine/ (bu-piv´ah-kān) a local anesthetic, used as the hydrochloride for local infiltration, peripheral nerve block, and retrobulbar, subarachnoid, sympathetic, caudal, or epidural block.

bupivacaine

(byo͞o-pĭv′ə-kān′)
n.
A potent, long-acting anesthetic, C18H28N2, used for regional anesthesia in its hydrochloride form.

bupivacaine

A potent long-acting amide-class local anaesthetic with a 4–8 hour duration of action, which is doubled by adding adrenaline/epinephrine.

Adverse effects
• CNS toxicity—Nervousness, perioral tingling, tinnitus, tremor, dizziness, blurred vision and seizures, followed by drowsiness, loss of consciousness, respiratory depression and apnoea.
• Cardiotoxicity—Hypotension, bradycardia, arrhythmias and cardiac arrest.

bupivacaine

Marcaine® Anesthesiology A potent local anesthetic with a 4-8 hr duration of action, doubled by adding epinephrine. Cf Ropivacaine.

bupivacaine

A long-acting local anaesthetic drug often used for nerve blocks, especially in epidural anaesthesia during childbirth and for the control of postoperative pain. The drug is on the WHO official list. A brand name is Marcaine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Few studies have added the longacting amino ester tetracaine to a long-acting amino amide such as bupivacaine to prolong anesthesia and analgesia.
There are a few studies that evaluated the postoperative pain relief after application of bupivacaine during gynecological laparoscopy.
Trial results showed that the area under the curve for postoperative pain scores while sitting was approximately 250 for women given bupivacaine only, versus 175 for women given bupivacaine plus ketorolac (P = .
In non-obstetric patients, EVE failed to decrease the intrathecal dose requirement of hyperbaric bupivacaine injected in the sitting position15.
Efficacy of bupivacaine delivered by wound catheter for post-caesarean section analgesia.
Although the bupivacaine group consumed less narcotic medication on days 3 through 6, the trend was not statistically significant, and there was no overall difference between the 2 groups (p = 0.
Midwife Marie To came on duty just after the birth and is alleged to have attached the Bupivacaine to Mrs Cabrera's drip.
In the month-long inquest, Mrs To was alleged to have made the fatal blunder, and repeatedly denied she had mistakenly put up the 500ml bag of Bupivacaine.
Malcolm Fortune, for the NHS trust, put it to her, "You cannot accept, or will not accept, that you put bupivacaine up, which caused Mrs Cabrera's death.
European guidelines [The European Porphyria Initiative, 2007] advise that bupivacaine and lignocaine are safe to use but that intravenous doses of lignocaine should be avoided.
There was no significant difference in surgery avoidance between the patients who had the local anesthetic alone and those receiving the bupivacaine with betamethasone.
The local anesthetic commonly used is bupivacaine hydrochloride, which has a rapid onset; anesthesia occurs within 4-17 minutes of administration.