buffer salt


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salt

 [sawlt]
1. any compound of a base and an acid.
3. in the plural, a saline cathartic.
bile s's glycine or taurine conjugates of bile acids, which are formed in the liver and secreted in the bile. They are powerful detergents that break down fat globules, enabling them to be digested.
buffer salt a salt in the blood that is able to absorb slight excesses of acid or alkali with little or no change in the hydrogen ion concentration.
Epsom salt magnesium sulfate.
Glauber's salt sodium sulfate.
oral rehydration s's (ORS) a dry mixture of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, dextrose, and either sodium citrate or sodium bicarbonate; dissolved in water for use in oral rehydration therapy.
smelling s's aromatic ammonium carbonate, a stimulant and restorative.

buffer salt

A salt that fixes excess amounts of acid or alkali without a change in hydrogen ion concentration.
See also: salt

salt

1. any compound of a base and an acid.
2. salts, a saline purgative. See also sodium chloride.

bile s's
glycine or taurine conjugates of bile acids, which are formed in the liver and secreted in the bile. They are powerful detergents which break down fat globules, enabling them to be digested.
salt brine
strong solution of common salt used to pickle meat and other human foods. Sodium chloride is the biggest component but large quantities of nitrate are usually present and represent a greater toxicity hazard than does the salt.
buffer salt
a salt in the blood that is able to absorb slight excesses of acid or alkali with little or no change in the hydrogen ion concentration.
common salt
see sodium chloride.
salt gland
nasal gland in birds.
salt hunger
common in circumstances in which animals are derived of any salt; manifested by leather chewing, earth eating, coat licking and urine drinking.
salt lick
1. naturally occurring deposit of salt in the form of a shallow pan that wild and domestic animals can share by licking.
2. a prepared mixture of salt with other minerals added, the composition varying with the local nutritional deficiency but the common additive is one containing phosphorus. The cattle or sheep are encouraged to lick by the taste of the salt and serendipitously acquire the other minerals. May be loose and put out in containers covered against the weather or formed into blocks that resist rain erosion and are fitted into holders fixed to buildings or free-standing in the pasture. See also mineral-salt mixture.
Rochelle salt
potassium sodium tartrate, a cathartic.
salt sick
see copper nutritional deficiency.
smelling s's
aromatic ammonium carbonate, a stimulant and restorative.
salt tolerant
capable of surviving in a high concentration of salt, e.g. some bacteria, including staphylococci.
References in periodicals archive ?
The solid-phase extraction step was eliminated (as will be shown below), so there is the potential for nonvolatile buffer salts that are extracted into ethyl acetate to build up in the mass spectrometer source and also to suppress the electrospray ionization process (although most of the salts will remain in the aqueous phase).
Although ESI-MS/MS provides for very selective detection of IDS-P and IDS-IS in the presence of a large number of other metabolites present in the DBSs, it is still necessary to remove the buffer salts before ESI-MS/MS because they are present in relatively high concentration and could cause interference during the ionization process.
18]-silica gel, whereas the buffer salts pass through during the wash with 50 mL/L methanol in water.