buffalopox


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buffalopox

a disease caused by a virus which is antigenically identical to cowpox virus; it is clinically the same as cowpox.
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To the Editor: In India, buffalopox virus (BPXV), a variant of vaccinia virus, is associated with severe disease outbreaks among buffaloes (1,2), cattle (3), and humans in contact with these animals (1,4).
An outbreak of buffalopox in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) dairy herds in Aurangabad, India.
Buffalopox outbreak in humans and animals in western Maharashtra, India.
Another VACV subspecies, buffalopox virus (BPXV), has been isolated from buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in rural areas in India and causes clinical signs that resemble those seen during BV outbreaks in Brazil (6).
In India, some strains of buffalopox, transmitted to humans through buffaloes, appear to be vaccinia.
We compared molecular sequence data from 3 genes and a variable region of the poxvirus genome (Table 1) among BRZ-VACV isolates, available vaccine strains related to those used during the eradication campaign in Brazil, and other VACVs isolated from domestic animals (including endemic buffalopox virus in India [15-17] and horsepox virus [HSPV] from Asia [18]).
Vaccine escape has been hypothesized to account for other VACV isolated from domestic animals, including endemic buffalopox in India and HSPV (MNR-76) in Mongolia (15-18).
Virological investigations of specimens from buffaloes affected by buffalopox in Maharashtra State, India between 1985 and 1987.
An investigation of an outbreak of buffalopox in animals and human beings in Dhulia district, Maharashtra State 1.
The VACV variants buffalopox and rabbitpox have originated from VACV subspeciation (13).
These facts indicate the long-term establishment and active circulation of different vaccinialike viruses in the wild in South America, similar to the well-documented establishment of buffalopox virus in India (19,20).
If so, such an event is similar to the history of the buffalopox virus in India and Southeast Asia.