bronchorrhoea

bronchorrhoea

The production of 100 mL or more/day of watery sputum.

Aetiology
Chronic bronchitis, asthma, pulmonary trauma, bronchiectasis, tuberculosis, scorpion stings, organophosphates and other toxins, bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (in which bronchorrhoea is a “classic” finding) or in metastatic cancers that spread in a lepidic (“bronchioloalveolar”) pattern.

Management
Gefitinib, NSAIDs (e.g., indomethacin), corticosteroids, radiation therapy, octreotide.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Diaphoresis 15 30 Salivation 14 28 Bronchorrhoea 10 20 Vomiting 6 12 Neck muscle weakness 22 44 Fasciculations 22 44 Respiratory distress 25 50 Miosis 20 40 Seizures 1 2 Table 4.
In addition, the use of anticholinesterases could be considered relatively contraindicated in patients with severe respiratory disease, because of the risks of precipitating bronchospasm and bronchorrhoea.
The symptoms of organophosphate poisoning are well known (miosis, bronchorrhoea, sinus tachycardia, respiratory failure, salivation, depressed level of consciousness, seizures).
The commonest presentation is the acute cholinergic crisis, usually diarrhoea, urinary frequency, miosis, bradycardia, bronchorrhoea and bronchoconstriction, emesis, lacrimation, salivation (easily remembered by the mnemonic DUMBELS) and hypotension.
Bronchorrhoea was observed, with aspiration of a great amount of watery mucus through the endotracheal tube.
Summary of the various toxic syndromes Syndrome Examples Clinical clues Alpha adrenergic Phenylpropanolamine, Hypertension with phenylephrine reflex bradycardia; mydriasis Beta adrenergic Salbutamol, Hypotension, theophylline, caffeine tachycardia Mixed adrenergic Amphetamines, cocaine Hypertension with sympathomimetic) tachycardia; mydriasis; sweaty skin 3ympatholytic Methyldopa, opioids, Hypotension and phenothiazines bradycardia; miosis; decreased peristalsis Nicotinic Nicotine, Unpredictable; cholinergic succinylcholine fasciculations, paralysis 'Muscarinic None Bradycardia, miosis, cholinergic' sweating, hyperperistalsis, bronchorrhoea, wheezing, excessive salivation, etc.