bronchial stenosis

bronchial stenosis

narrowing of the lumen of a bronchial tube.
Synonym(s): bronchiostenosis

bronchial stenosis

The narrowing of the bronchial tree.
 
Aetiology
Anthracofibrosis, tuberculosis, prolonged endotrachial intubation, radiation induced (post-external-beam radiation therapy for small cell carcinoma of the lungs), post-lung transplantation, idiopathic.

Management
Some cases respond to balloon dilation.

bron·chi·al sten·o·sis

(brong'kē-ăl stĕ-nō'sis)
Narrowing of the lumen of a bronchial tube.
References in periodicals archive ?
A study by Chung et al suggests that TB can be the causative agent if bronchial stenosis and fibrosis occur with anthracosis.
Approximately 25% of patients have subglottic stenosis and approximately 10% will have bronchial stenosis.
In this case we successfully used HFOV for a patient with right bronchial stenosis.
Suggested indications include acute perforation of a major airway with severe respiratory embarrassment, pressure and occlusion of a major airway with lung collapse or hyperinflation, bronchial stenosis due to fibrosis and, rarely, superior vena cava obstruction or subcarinal oesophageal obstruction.
The low numbers were attributed in part to enrollment criteria that excluded patients with fungal infections, bronchial stenosis, and those who needed mechanical ventilation.
1 Other diseases of trachea and bronchus, not elsewhere classified, (for bronchial obstruction, bronchial stenosis, tracheal stenosis)
Patients in whom the diagnosis is missed often present later with complications secondary to bronchial stenosis such as atelectasis, collapse and infection (2).