bronchial stenosis

bronchial stenosis

narrowing of the lumen of a bronchial tube.
Synonym(s): bronchiostenosis

bronchial stenosis

The narrowing of the bronchial tree.
 
Aetiology
Anthracofibrosis, tuberculosis, prolonged endotrachial intubation, radiation induced (post-external-beam radiation therapy for small cell carcinoma of the lungs), post-lung transplantation, idiopathic.

Management
Some cases respond to balloon dilation.

bron·chi·al sten·o·sis

(brong'kē-ăl stĕ-nō'sis)
Narrowing of the lumen of a bronchial tube.
References in periodicals archive ?
Early treatment with steroid therapy is effective in particular groups of EBTB; however, to consider the therapeutic effect of steroid on the alleviation of bronchial stenosis in EBTB, the interval between symptom-onset and treatment with steroid is recommended as <6 months.
Insertion of bronchial SEMS is a classical treatment for bronchial stenosis, especially for malignant and posttransplant stenosis [1-3].
Intrinsic factors include cartilaginous deficiency, bronchial stenosis, redundant bronchial mucosa or mucous plugs.
Anthracofibrosis, bronchial stenosis with overlying anthracotic mucosa: possibly a new occupational lung disorder: a series of seven cases from one UK hospital.
A study by Chung et al suggests that TB can be the causative agent if bronchial stenosis and fibrosis occur with anthracosis.
Approximately 25% of patients have subglottic stenosis and approximately 10% will have bronchial stenosis.
Bronchial mucosal damage induced by tuberculosis or other inflammatory reactions can lead to fibrosis and bronchial stenosis.
Choanal atresia and/or stenosis (Figure-1), subglottic and tracheal stenosis (Figure-2), and bronchial stenosis (Figure-3) were the commoner lesions observed, while foreign body aspiration (Figure-4) was also noted in the study.
In this case we successfully used HFOV for a patient with right bronchial stenosis.
Endobronchial tuberculosis progressing to bronchial stenosis.