A study by Chung et al suggests that TB can be the causative agent if bronchial stenosis
and fibrosis occur with anthracosis.
Approximately 25% of patients have subglottic stenosis and approximately 10% will have bronchial stenosis
In this case we successfully used HFOV for a patient with right bronchial stenosis
Human papilloma virus associated with solitary squamous papilloma complicated by bronchiectasis and bronchial stenosis
Suggested indications include acute perforation of a major airway with severe respiratory embarrassment, pressure and occlusion of a major airway with lung collapse or hyperinflation, bronchial stenosis
due to fibrosis and, rarely, superior vena cava obstruction or subcarinal oesophageal obstruction.
The low numbers were attributed in part to enrollment criteria that excluded patients with fungal infections, bronchial stenosis
, and those who needed mechanical ventilation.
1 Other diseases of trachea and bronchus, not elsewhere classified, (for bronchial obstruction, bronchial stenosis
, tracheal stenosis)
Patients in whom the diagnosis is missed often present later with complications secondary to bronchial stenosis
such as atelectasis, collapse and infection (2).