bronchial artery


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Related to bronchial artery: pulmonary artery, bronchial vein

bronchial artery

the nutritive vascular system of the pulmonary tissues, originating from the thoracic aorta or one of its branches. They interconnect within the lung with branches of the pulmonary arteries and veins.

bronchial artery

A branch of the thoracic aorta or the upper intercostal arteries; usually there are two left bronchial arteries and one right bronchial artery. The bronchial arteries follow the arborization of the bronchial tree and supply oxygenated blood to the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles and to the connective tissue of the lungs. The first branches of the bronchial arteries include small arteries to the esophagus, pericardium, and mediastinum.
See: aorta for illus.
See also: artery
References in periodicals archive ?
He said when the systemic blood supply to the lungs is the source of bleeding, then therapeutic embolisation of the affected bronchial artery achieves rapid and safe control of haemoptysis and can be used to stabilise the patient prior to surgery or for other definitive therapy.
Endovascular treatment of massive hemoptysis by bronchial artery embolization: short-term and long-term follow-up over a 15-year period.
Coronary artery fistula to bronchial artery on contralateral side of coronary atherosclerosis and myocardial insufficiency.