bronchial artery


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to bronchial artery: pulmonary artery, bronchial vein

bronchial artery

the nutritive vascular system of the pulmonary tissues, originating from the thoracic aorta or one of its branches. They interconnect within the lung with branches of the pulmonary arteries and veins.

bronchial artery

A branch of the thoracic aorta or the upper intercostal arteries; usually there are two left bronchial arteries and one right bronchial artery. The bronchial arteries follow the arborization of the bronchial tree and supply oxygenated blood to the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles and to the connective tissue of the lungs. The first branches of the bronchial arteries include small arteries to the esophagus, pericardium, and mediastinum.
See: aorta for illus.
See also: artery
References in periodicals archive ?
2) Patients in whom the first and second attempts of bronchial artery embolisation were done.
1) Third or subsequent bronchial artery embolisation attempted for the same patient.
Caption: Figure 2: Angiogram of the brachiocephalic artery shows the hypertrophic aberrant bronchial artery (white arrow) arising from the proximal portion of the right internal mammary artery (black arrow), findings that corresponded with the CTA image.
Caption: Figure 3: (a) Selective angiogram of the aberrant right bronchial artery (arrow) shows parenchymal staining in the right lower lobe (dotted circle).
The disease should be suspected in young male patients with peripheral venous thrombosis and pulmonary or bronchial artery aneurysm.
He said when the systemic blood supply to the lungs is the source of bleeding, then therapeutic embolisation of the affected bronchial artery achieves rapid and safe control of haemoptysis and can be used to stabilise the patient prior to surgery or for other definitive therapy.
Bronchial arteriograms performed before attempting embolisation showed bronchial artery hypertrophy 28 (80%), and shunting in 7 (20%) and pseudoaneurysm in 2 patients.
Bronchial artery embolisation has been effective and clinically useful in the management of haemoptysis in patients within malignancy and cystic fibrosis (CF).
Bronchial artery embolization to control hemoptysis: comparison of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate and polyvinyl alcohol particles.
Bronchial artery embolization was performed in 336 of 344 patients (97.
1) There are many complication and sequelae of pulmonary tuberculosis including bronchiectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, aspergilloma (in the cavity of post primary pulmonary tuberculosis), broncholithiasis, empyema, hypertrophy of the bronchial artery and Rasmussen's aneurysm.