bronchial


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

bronchial

 [brong´ke-al]
pertaining to or affecting one or more bronchi.
bronchial challenge test a pulmonary function test in which an aerosol such as methacholine, histamine, or an allergen is administered to provoke bronchospasm; used in diagnosis of asthma.

bron·chi·al

(brong'kē-ăl),
Relating to the bronchi.

bronchial

/bron·chi·al/ (brong´ke-al) pertaining to or affecting one or more bronchi.

bronchial

(brŏng′kē-əl)
adj.
Of or relating to the bronchi, the bronchia, or the bronchioles.

bron′chi·al·ly adv.

bronchial

[brong′kē·əl]
Etymology: Gk, bronchos, windpipe
pertaining to the bronchi or bronchioles.

bronchial

adjective Pertaining to a bronchus or bronchi.

bron·chi·al

(brong'kē-ăl)
Relating to the bronchi.

bronchial

Pertaining to any part of the branching system of breathing tubes (the bronchial tree).

Bronchial

Relating to the air passages to and from the lungs including the bronchi and the bronchioles.
Mentioned in: Atelectasis

bronchial

pertaining to or affecting one or more bronchi.

bronchial calculus
a hard concretion formed in a bronchus by accretion about an inorganic nucleus or from calcified portions of lung tissue or adjacent lymph nodes.
bronchial edema
mucosal edema occurs in response to irritation and inflammation of tracheobronchial epithelium. Contributes to increased airway resistance.
feline bronchial asthma
a syndrome in cats characterized by acute episodes of coughing and dyspnea with wheezing. Usually recurrent and believed to be due to allergic reaction. Similar to allergic asthma in humans.
bronchial hypoplasia
swollen spongy tissue or cystic, lobulated tissue replaces lobes of normal lung tissue because of the impediment to air flow caused by dilated or collapsed hypoplastic bronchi; probably the basic defect in adenomatoid hamartoma or congenital adenomatoid malformation.
bronchial pattern
bronchi become more prominent in x-rays because they become more dense than surrounding air-filled lung tissue. Caused by peribronchial infiltration, fluid within the bronchus and calcification of the bronchial cartilage. Seen in chronic bronchitis and bronchiectasis.
bronchial spasm
bronchospasm.
bronchial tones
are the sounds made by the respired air as it passes through the larger air passages of normal lungs. They are best heard over the bifurcation of the trachea. They are harsher and louder than the vesicular murmur, the normal sounds produced in the parenchyma of the lung.
bronchial tree
the bronchi and their branching subdivisions.
bronchial tumors
see pulmonary neoplasm.

Patient discussion about bronchial

Q. What’s the difference between bronchial asthma and cardiac asthma?

A. The term "cardiac asthma" refers to wheezing associated with congestive heart failure. It isn't true asthma. it's not an immune response but the wheezing caused by fluids build up in the lungs..

More discussions about bronchial
References in periodicals archive ?
Bronchial thermoplasty uses a bronchoscope to deliver short bursts of controlled radiofrequency heat waves to the muscles around the patient's airway, reducing the muscle mass that spasms and constricts them during asthma attacks, significantly reducing symptoms and asthma attacks.
Conclusion: Vitamin D was efficacious in bronchial asthma in terms of prevention in number of exacerbations when added to standard treatment.
6] Biomarkers of bronchial remodeling in sputum supernatant were detected in the following way: VEGF - by means of three-stage 'sandwich'-variant of the solid-phase immune-enzyme analysis using monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies (reagents 'VEGF-Vector-Best' A-8784, RF), MMP-9 - by means of 'sandwich'-ELISA method (reagents 'Affymetrix eBioscience' BMS 2016/2/BMS2016/2TEN (Bender MedSystems, GmbH, Austria).
Bronchial arteriograms were always performed before attempting embolisation and any abnormalities in the artery course/variations in anatomy and reasons for haemoptysis were recorded.
An examination showed diffused swelling of bronchial mucosa and multiple bronchial distortion and stenosis.
Bronchial stenosis results from malignant or nonmalignant causes, which include sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, Wegener's granulomatosis, and iatrogenic conditions, such as postsurgical anastomosis and radiation therapy as the most frequent etiologies [8, 9].
The bronchial arteries; an anatomic study of 150 human cadavers," Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics, vol.
Recommendations for the use of bronchial thermoplasty in the management of severe asthma.
2 A study on 79 cases of bronchial carcinoids showed that 19 tumours were located in the upper lobe, 10 in the middle and 26 in the lower robe.
The interlobular septal thickening, bronchial wall thickening, and ground glass opacities likely reflect both pulmonary vein hypertension and engorged lymphatics.
Although bronchoscopy under general anesthesia augmented by topical anesthesia is a very safe and effective procedure for a patient with a tracheobronchial foreign body, it is quite risky for patients requiring bilateral bronchial foreign body removal.