broken windows theory


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broken windows theory

A theory in criminology supported by various experiments regarding the norm-setting and signalling effects of urban chaos (e.g., broken windows, disrepair of buildings, poorly groomed parks, etc.) and vandalism on further crime and anti-social behaviour.

While interpretations of the data differ according to the author, the experiments suggest that correction of small problems—which, if left in disrepair, signal an indifference to the community by the powers of authority—prevents that negative message from extending to an entire building, institution or section of a community.
References in periodicals archive ?
WORCESTER -- There's the broken windows theory, and then there's 142 Eastern Ave.
Lovingly decorated in striped wallpaper, with shelves and a rail for clothes, it pays homage to the broken windows theory (i.
The "quality of life" approach and "zero tolerance" style policing employed by Giuliani and Bratton derive from the Broken Windows Theory.
Chief Insp Offside said: "The broken windows theory is simply this, if you have a broken window it gives you a visual idea that crime is more likely to occur in this area.
In essence, the broken windows theory tells us that crime and disorder problems tend to escalate sharply in areas where people disregard small crimes.
Bratton has used the broken windows theory to significantly reduce more serious crimes in cities by enforcing laws for petty crimes and public nuisances, such as urinating in public or throwing bottles in the street.
1) In this paper I argue that this backlash focuses too narrowly on the broken windows theory in its assessments of order maintenance policing, and I develop and apply alternative methods of analysis that focus more directly on the intrinsic merits of efforts to reduce disorder by using ethnographic research and normative analysis.
There is an urgent need to reconcile two very useful public safety and social justice paradigms--the broken windows theory and the what works principle.
But the greatest benefit has to be social and goes back to the heart of Kelling's broken windows theory.
The Broken Windows theory ZERO tolerance is now firmly associated with policing techniques used in New York City and other parts of the US.
Gotham's crime rates plummeted, and the broken windows theory seemed incontrovertible.
Consistent with the broken windows theory, (3) citizens reported that an unkempt neighborhood with graffiti, trash strewn throughout the streets, and residents who do not take pride in their homes results in a feeling that illicit activity is afoot.